Buddism

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By tyraadnan
Words 1181
Pages 5
BUDDISM
Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (c. 5th century B.C.E.)
Origin: India
Spiritual teaching: Four Noble Truths:
1) human life is full of suffering;
2) suffering stems from cravings for pleasure and avoidance of pain;
3) suffering can be eradicated;
4) the path of freedom from suffering is the path of enlightenment
Followers: the sangha, a community of monks
Ethical guidelines: not to take human life, not to lie, not to steal, not to use intoxicants, not to engage in illicit sexual behavior
First Buddhist ruler: Ashoka Introduction

Buddism a religious tradition based on sacrifice to powerful and sometimes capricious deities had dominated the land we now call india since 1500 b.c.e. Among these were karma and reincarnation, which had been readily adopted, and may have represented the revival and reconceptualization of ancient ideas already present within the culture. According to this structure of beliefs, one's social status was a result of one's karma. Deeds in previous lives determined the level of one's rebirth. Social inequalities were thus justified by religion, in a land where social mobility was impossible. This system left no place for arguments for social justice or equality
Beginings
Buddhism evolved from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who was born in the 5th century B.C.E. (some scholars have argued for the 4th century B.C.E.) in the Indian state of Kapilavastu, now part of Nepal. Born a prince, the young man who would become the Buddha renounced a life of wealth and power, according to Buddhist texts, to become a spiritual seeker.After years of wandering and asceticism he becameenlightened that is, he had a realization about his own true nature. He saw that his own thinking was the only obstacle preventing the spiritual understanding he had been seeking.That obstacle was removed when he realized that his sense of himself as a…...

Similar Documents

Buddism

...En Orihuela, su pueblo y el mío, se me ha muerto como el rayo Ramón Sijé, con quién tanto quería. Yo quiero ser llorando el hortelano De la tierra que ocupas y estercolas, Compañero del alma, tan temprano. Alimentando lluvias, caracoles Y órganos mi dolor sin instrumento, A las desalentadas amapolas Daré tu corazón por alimento. Tanto dolor se agrupa en mi costado, Que por doler me duele hasta el aliento. Un manotazo duro, un golpe helado, Un hachazo invisible y homicida, Un empujón brutal te ha derribado No hay extensión más grande que mi herida, Lloro mi desventura y sus conjuntos Y siento mas tu muerte que mi vida Ando sobre rastrojos de difuntos, Y sin calor de nadie y sin consuelo Voy de mi corazón a mis asuntos. Temprano levanto la muerte el vuelo, Temprano madrugó la madrugada, Temprano estas rodando por el suelo. No perdono a la muerte enamorada, No perdono a la vida desatenta, No perdono a la tierra ni a la nada. En mis manos levanto una tormenta De piedras, rayos y hachas estridentes Sedienta de catástrofe y hambrienta. Quiero escarbar la tierra con los dientes, Quiero apartar la tierra parte a parte A dentelladas secas y calientes Quiero minar la tierra hasta encontrarte Y besarte la noble calavera Y des amordazarte y regresarte Volverás a mi huerto y a mi higuera Por los altos andamios de mis flores Pajareará tu alma colmenera De angélicas ceras y labores. Volverás al arrullo de las rejas De los......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Bota

...much in common. We call them all different things sometimes, but in the end, we really are not that different. Reference Adams, C. (2007, July 6). What's the difference between fat Buddha and regular Buddha? Retrieved from Straightdope: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2714/why-do-statues-of-buddha-have-long-earlobes B.A.Robinson. (2009 , August 16). Buddhism's core beliefs. Retrieved from Religous Tolerance: http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism1.htm Bhikshu, K. (n.d.). Do Buddhists Believe in God? Retrieved from Urbandharma: http://www.urbandharma.org/udharma3/budgod.html Reitherman, B., & Gregory, A. (1999). Basics of Buddism. Retrieved December 17, 2012, from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm The Dudeism.com Dudeocracy. (2012). What is Dudeism. Retrieved from Dudeism.com: http://dudeism.com/whatisdudeism/ V, J. (2010). Hinduism and Buddhism. Retrieved December 17, 2012, from Hindu website: http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/h_buddhism.asp...

Words: 1679 - Pages: 7

Buddism

...[입문서] 1. 불교를 찾아서(석지현 지음) – 志社출판 불교의 포교가 아닌 객관적인 불교 이해를 위해 쓰여졌으며, 한국문화를 알기 위해서는 불교를 알아야 한다고 주장하고 있다. 우리나라 불교를 중심에 두고 서양불교까지 해설한다. 2. 불교, 교양으로 읽다. (화령 지음) – 민족사출판 현대 정보화 사회에서 불교의 역할을 서술하고 있다. 불교의 개략적 배경, 석가모니의 생애와 가르침을 간단히 일러두고 있으며, 불교가 어려울 수 있는 현대인들을 위해 가급적 쉽게 불교를 접근하려 노력하였다. 쉬운 단어와 비유를 사용하였지만 불교의 근본적인 내용을 파악하는 것엔 무리 없을 것이다. 3. 처음 만나는 불경이야기(김창호 엮음) – 도서출판 심포지움 불경을 중심으로 불경 해설을 주목적에 두고 있으나, 책 한 권에 270권이 넘는 불경을 담기엔 불가능 한 일이 아닐 수 없다. 글쓴이는 이 책이 독자들에게 불경을 읽기 위한 “지도”가 되길 희망하고 있다. 4. 10대와 통하는 불교 (강호진 글) – 철수와 영희 생활 속에 녹아있는 불교 또는 불교에 관한 이야기를 담은 책이다. 제일 유명하다고 할 수 있는 “원효대사” 이야기 등 우리에게 친숙한 모습의 불교를 중심으로 이야기가 진행된다. 10대뿐아니라 어른들도 재미나게 읽을 수 있을 듯하다. 5. 불교란 무엇인가. 鈴木大 – 强法院 출판 다른 입문서들과는 조금 다르게 많은 한문들로 어렵게 쓰인 책이다. 차례를 보니 불교의 대의/불교의 철학/ 불교의 도덕/ - 큰 제목으로 나열되어 있는 것으로 보아 불교를 학문적으로 깊게 다루고 있는 듯 하다. 6. 불교와 불교학 (조성택 지음) – 돌베개 불교를 역사적인 관점에서 서술하고 있다. 불교가 지역마다 너무나 많고 다름은 인정하지만 그 모든 것은 ‘하나의 불교’ 라는 관점으로 조망하고 있고 ‘하나의 역사’라는 타이틀로 바라보고 있다. 그 역사를 통해 우리가 알고 있는 불교가 어떻게 형성되고 발전했는지 알리려는 듯 하다. 7. 백팔문답요집 (노우 지음) – 운주사 일반인들이 불교에 대해 흔히 가질 수 있는 질문들을 중심으로 기술된 책이다. 108문항에 대해 노우 스님께서 불교의 교리를 토대로 대답해 주신다. 8. 불교와의 만남(강건기 지음) – 불지사 붓다의 가르침을 중심으로 서술된 책이다. 인간 싯다르타의 생애를 처음에 기술하고 깨달음의 과정, 의미와 영향에 대해 기술하고 있다. 불교방송에도 반영되었다고 한다. 9. 영화, 불교와 만나다(유응오)- 아름다운인연 영화 작품들을 중심으로 영화 속에 녹아있는 불교사상을 밝혀내며 불교를 설명하고 있다. ‘살인의 추억’, ‘인생은 아름다워’ 등 우리에게 친숙한 영화를 주로 다루었다. 10. 한국불교사상(서윤길 지음) – 운주사 신라의 불교를 중심으로 오랜 옛날 우리 역사 속 불교를 알려주고 있다. 그 시절 불교가 신라, 고려, 중국 등의 사회에 어떤 영향을 끼쳤는지, 사람들이 불교 교리를 일상생활에서 어떻게 반영하고 있었는지 그리고 있다. [인물] 1...

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

My Thought on Buddism

...Short Essay Shiyun Wang (Jack) 6464416 Introduction to Buddhism INSTRUCTOR: Professor Brendan-John Reid Purdie As a Chinese born, I always viewed Buddhism as a religion that originated from China. In China, Buddhism is often interpreted as Fó, the popular Shaolin monks are what comes to mind to most people. As a kid I would always watch Chinese martial art series that would often involves Chinese monks Fó, they were expert in the martial art and I also remarked that they would refuse to kill any beings. As of a result being a child I always viewed Buddhism as a religion that specialized in martial art. At that time I was convinced that Buddhism originated from China due to its long and rich history. As I grew older my understanding on Buddhism has dramatically changed. To my shock I’ve learned that Buddhism originated from India and the Buddha himself is very different from the portrayal that I’ve had in my mind. I always believed that Buddha was the founder of the Shaolin martial art. The more I grow older and the more I read and learn, I started to understand that the Buddhism is completely different that the Buddhism I thought I knew when I was a child. The Buddha that I have read about was someone serene that ascended and not a martial artist. Before taking this class I believed that the Buddha was the only religion that was atheistic. Due to the fact that the Buddha was merely a mortal that was born in India. But because of his deeds he transcended and now teaches...

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

Buddism

...Drama for Hinduism and Buddhism Scene 1 Gathering in a party (food) Yiuman – Holder of the party But – Hinduism Kei – Buddhism Narrator: Today Yiuman is holding a party and has invited Kei and But in the party. He has prepared lots of food including pork, beef, and a lots of other strong smell vegetables like onion, garlic and also alcohol. He didn’t know that Hinduism and Buddhism do not consume which kind of food and it makes a problem here. Yiuman: Welcome, Welcome to my house and please have fun in the party. Please enjoy the food I have prepared for you two, the pork and the cow are cooked with garlic and onion and also served with alcohol is the best. Yiuman: HiHi But and kei, let eat some food. (Yiuman use his left hand to pick some food to them but indeed left hand is use for clean the shit from the bug.) But: Kei, let me take some curry chicken for you. It is very delicious. Kei: Thanks. Narrator: Kei indeed But didn’t take any of it because Buddhism do not take any meat in meal. They just eat non-meat products. Kei: But, these beef meal look extremely delicious, you should try some. The garlic make it even taste better. But: OMG, how come u let me eat beef, don’t you know that cow in our religion is representing the mother of Hinduism. Do you mean that I need to eat my mother? Unbelievable. Kei: Huh! You also give me chicken too???? Don’t you know that we are vegetarian? But: God knows? You ask me I ask the......

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Buddism

...Buddhism “We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world” - Buddha Buddhism began in India about 2,500 years ago. It is practiced worldwide by approximately 350-500 million followers. It is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who is commonly referred to as the Buddha. It is classified as a religion that is practiced as a way of life. The Buddhist path encourages its followers to lead a moral life, to be mindful and aware of thought and actions, and to develop wisdom and understanding. The ultimate goal in Buddhism is to become “awakened” or to reach “enlightenment”; a place referred to as Nirvana (White, 1993). Two major branches of Buddhism are recognized. Theravada is the “School of Elders” and Mahayana is the “Great Vehicle”. The foundation of Buddhist practice is The Three Jewels: The Buddha, The Dharma (the teachings), and The Sangha (the community). Accepting the Three Jewels is committing oneself to the path of enlightenment (Hardy, n.d.). The basic beliefs of Buddhism are The Four Noble Truths and The Noble Eightfold Path. The First Noble Truth teaches that in life one will experience suffering and explains how suffering can be avoided to achieve happiness. The Second Noble Truth explains that suffering is created by human cravings and aversion that causes an individual to be born and reborn resulting in continued suffering. The Third Noble Truth teaches that suffering can be defeated......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Buddism Notes

...Otteledet middelvej: ingen karma nirvana 8 ledet vej - vejen til lidelsens ophør jeg refererer her til dokumentet: “høj holt klostre” den del, med overskriften: En munks uddannelse. 1. Den rette anskuelse - læse tekster, dybere forståelse = digte, om medfølelse. (erkendelsen af de 4 ædle sandheder) 2. Den Rette beslutning - at forlade sit hjem, det gør munke ved at gå i kloster, for at undgå lidelse, og kontakt, tantra.  3. det rette ord/tale - lærermester lærer ham novicen i at tale ret, dialekt, recition.  4. den rette handlemåde - handlemåde at blive ledt at en lærermester,og for at nå den rette tanke. = medfølelse, digte = lade siog styre af de 3 rodårsager. 5. den rette levemåde - den rette levemåde præsenteres og forsøges at inkorporeres.  6. den rette bestræbelse - at isolere sig fra materie og fra kontakt. 7. den rette tanke (opmærksomhed)(bevidsthed om jeg’et som bruges til at mediterer over, sult, sanseoplevelser osv.) - det de bruger deres energi på, på studier, huske tekster udenad.   8. den rette koncentration - uden for jeg’et.   Otteledet middelvej: ingen karma nirvana 8 ledet vej - vejen til lidelsens ophør jeg refererer her til dokumentet: “høj holt klostre” den del, med overskriften: En munks uddannelse. 9. Den rette anskuelse - læse tekster, dybere forståelse = digte, om medfølelse. (erkendelsen af de 4 ædle sandheder) 10. Den Rette beslutning - at forlade sit hjem, det......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Eastern Philosophy

...became sophisticated through the accelerated interchange of ideas (World.ology, 2009). The different schools of thought regarding Hinduism and Buddhism were touched on. Then different branches of these religions came about. It is believed that the spread of these religions was the cause of Western Philosophy. What do you think about this philosophy? References Chaffee, J. (2013). The philosopher’s way. (First ed.). Pearson. Retrieved from: http://www.The_Philosophers_Way_4e_BM.pdf Clear, Edel Traud Harzer. (1998), hindu philosophyIn E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Retrieved September 23, 2014, from http://www.rep.routledge.com/article/F002SECT7 The Basics of Buddism. (n.d.). Buddhism a introduction. Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm World.ology. (2009). Rise of western culture and philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.worldology.com/Europe/Europe_Articles/rise_of_western_culture.htm...

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Sensory Preceptions

...paths to salvation. They strive to achieve moksha or liberation from the limitation of space, time and matter through te realization of the immortal absolute. | SamsaraReincarnation | Sculptures imagiesHome shrinesMeditationyoga | DiwaliHoliDurga PujaRakshaShiv RatriGuru Purnima | Week 3Buddhism | Beginning of this world and of life is inconceivable since they have neither beginning or end | Don’t believe in the concept of a person God. Enlightened being, who vows to save all sentient beings from their suffering | 5 Aggregates(khandas)Physical forms (rupa)Feelings or sensations(vedana)Ideations(sanna)Mental formations or dispositions(sankhara)Consciousness(vinnana) | Good and evil are innate, inseparable aspects of life good an devil in Buddism are seen not as absolute but relative or relational. The good or evil of an act is understood in terms of its actual impact on our own lives and the lives of others, not in abstract rules of conduct. | For Buddist salvation is reaching Nirvana. Nirvana is a transcendatal spiritual state of nothingness, you become a Budha. | After death on eis either reborn into another body or enters nirvana, which is only achieved by people that reach enlightenment | MeditationMantrasMudrasPrayer wheels | Buddha’s birthday know as Vesak or Visakah | Week 4Daoism andConfucianism | | | | | | | | | Week 5Shinto | | | | | | | | | Week 6Judaism | | | | | | | | | Week 7Christianity | | | | | | | | | Week......

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Kadampa Buddism

...Kadampa Buddhism Tobias Nelson Axia College of University of Phoenix HUM130 Religions of the World Ed Sinclair January 7, 2010 Overview Through out this course, many different religions have been discussed, and many facts of each that were unknown to me previously, have been communicated and explained to me through our instructor, text, and discussions with fellow students. While many of these religions had interesting histories and figures, the one that intrigued me and stood out from the rest, was Buddhism. I had the pleasure of visiting a Buddhist meditation center in Seattle, and sat down and discussed the basic principles and beliefs of Buddhism with one of the meditation center practitioners. I will explain in this report the foundation and important figures within Kadampa Buddhism, and how they formed this particular branch of Buddhism; the meditation center and the daily practices; the practitioner that I interviewed and how Buddhism has transformed his life; compare and contrast Kadampa Buddhism with Islam; and conclude with a brief summary of what I personally learned from this experience. Buddhism Buddhism started more than 2000 years ago in India by a man who grew up with every worldly desire that a human could want, but it was these desires, and seeing the “four sights,” that drove him away from his family and his wealth. He lived a life of poverty and suffering, which he believed would be the way to find total liberation from suffering.......

Words: 3038 - Pages: 13

Religion

...substitute for belief." - Oscar Wilde http://cwdaisy.tripod.com/quotes/id9.html. People turn to religion for a wide range of reasons. Many turn to religion during time of crisis. There are many different types of religion in the world. Religion can consist of a range vast of beliefs such as, Buddism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. According to Merriam Webster dictionary in 2011, the definition of religion is: the state of religious (1) : the service and worship of God or the supernatural (2) : commitment or devotion to religious faith or observance 2: a personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices 3archaic : scrupulous conformity : conscientiousness 4: a cause, principle, or system of beliefs held to with ardor and faith. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/religion Traditions follow every specific religion. Traditions can be vastly different. Some can described in the belief in one god or many gods and goddesses, attending church ceremonies on Sunday, sacrifices on holy mountains, or even Quakers referring to one another as friends. The differences in traditions can be viewed in different ways. Some other examples can be Buddism followers pray and practice beliefs in temples, Mormon followers believe in a strict following of no harsh chemical intake into the human body including: alcohol, tobacco, and even all caffeine, Native Americans believe in ritual dances to gods to invoke natural request such as......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Buddism

...Buddhism. PART ONE: The Question of Origin In Buddhism, they do not teach nor do they believe that there is an all-powerful God that created the universe. They look to Buddha, the religion’s founder, for a model of how to behave. In the Buddhist view, the universe is infinite in both time and space and the universe is created and destroyed over and over again in a process we call natural evolution. The Question of Identity Buddhist considers all life to be sacred and/or spiritual in nature. They believe in reincarnation and a person’s spiritual future is based solely on one’s good or bad actions in this lifetime, also known as Karma. The Question of Meaning/Purpose In Buddhism, the primary purpose is to end suffering. The Buddha believed and therefore taught that humans suffer because they are to consumed in things that do not give long lasting happiness and are too busy trying to hold on to things such as friends, material possessions, and things that do not last, and in the end brings upon sorrow. This is where the beliefs of the Four Noble Truths come in: teaches that all life is marked by suffering, suffering is caused by desire and attachment, suffering can be stopped, and the way to end suffering is to follow the Noble Eightfold Path. The Question of Morality Respect, love, and compassion are highly valued in Buddhism as are an ethical and moral path is the basis for their model of behavior. The Noble Eightfold Path consist of right knowledge, right......

Words: 909 - Pages: 4

World Religion- Buddism

...When considering how the presence of Buddhism can impact the modern day United States, two of the more significant impacts can be felt on the political and social levels. Let’s talk first, about how those practicing different religions, especially those of a Middle Eastern origin, can affect foreign politics in ways we may not even realize, at first. When members of the Senate, Congress, or even the President himself, visit with politicians and diplomats from the Middle East, they are first schooled on some basic rules involving such interactions. Many things that may be considered acceptable by Christian beliefs, or, by those of an American origin, could be at best, misunderstood, and, at worst, considered offensive to some Buddhists, or Middle Easterners. Even simple things such as the way you greet someone with a handshake or a hug, may be inappropriate in certain company. Also things as small as a hand gesture like a thumbs up, can me misconstrued as something else by one who is not accustomed to our traditions. When considering foreign policy, one must also remember that the roles women play in American politics may not be considered commonplace by other religious beliefs or cultures. In America, it is not uncommon for a female to hold a high government office. While those of Buddhism, Hindu, and other such beliefs may be respectful of this in American and Christian ways, it is almost unheard of by their core traditional practices and rules. Why these types of things may...

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Health Care Diversity of Different Faiths

...Christianity but other religions understand the fact the body needs proper nourishment and silence to heal. Prayer or meditation is common amongst the three faiths and praying to god or addressing ones way of life in regards to an individual way is good for understanding of all the faiths. Buddhist may use some important quotations, the sayings and rules to go by that are similar to the commandments in Christianity. In Buddhism one of the famous quotations is “the greatest quality is seeking to serve others.” As patient care providers take care of sick patients the ultimate goal in taking care a individual with any faith is respect for healing in a unique way. References Robinson, B. A. (2009). Buddism. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism7.htm (Robinson, 2009) Hindu beliefs. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.heaven-and-earth-home-remedies.com/hindu-beliefs.html ("Hindu beliefs," 2010) Fietzer, W. (2011, August Eleventh). Addressing native american spirituality in health care. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/addressing-native-american-spirituality-health-care (Fietzer, 2011) Haverkate, R. (2011). Health care beliefs and practices. Retrieved from http://nnphi.org/CMSuploads/NPHPSP.User.Call-10.10-23206.pdf (Haverkate, 2011) Harvey, C. (2006). A buddhist perspective on health and spirituality. Retrieved from http://www.sach.org.uk/journal/0901p33_harvey.pdf (Harvey, 2006)...

Words: 1368 - Pages: 6

Buddism

...Indian Hindus will not be converted to Buddhism: Dalai Lama This article is regarding the Dalai Lama and his supposed act of encouragement to convert Hindus in Buddhist. These allegations were proven to be false after the Dalai Lama himself denied them. I think it is a very important factor that when choosing a religion or faith that no persons opinion but your own should decided what you decision may be. There are many violent attacks over this matter, which I can understand because it is very disrespectful to any practice. There is nothing wrong with spreading the word or practicing your own religion but once you start forcing opinion or beliefs on others it becomes unfair. God Save The Teens Wow, this was an extremely interesting article. As I read it I mentally made a pro’s and con’s list and I came out with mixed reviews. This article is about a large and growing group of teens from places from New York, south Bronx to Long Island. They have found a new way to practice religion, they do it in the from of rap contests freestyle frenzies and “hip” sermons. This can be a very positive and productive situation considering that it is actually attracting many teens. Yet with terms used like and slogans like “I WOULD DIE TONIGHT FOR MY BELIEFS” and starting sermon off with “yo, God Bless, brother” I find it kind of disrespectful and offensive. Another popular belief among the groups is the way you come looking and dressed to a gathering. Dirty hair and ratty......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6