Brazilian Accounting System: Inflation, Taxation, and the Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards

In: Business and Management

Submitted By natprov76
Words 2294
Pages 10
Brazilian Accounting System: Inflation, Taxation, and the Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards

Introduction
As the business world evolves to a higher level of integration with the increased ability to conduct business globally, international accounting is a subject that is becoming more relevant and increasingly more important to understand. Doupnik and Perera (2012) define International accounting on three levels through the standards and guidelines of supranational organizations, at the company level, and third through the standards, rules, and guidelines that exist within each country.
Brazil is one of the top five countries to be considered an emerging market (Top 30 Emerging Markets 2012-2017). It is estimated that Brazil’s GDP will grow by roughly 22.3% between the years 2013 to 2017 making the country attractive to investors (The Top 20 Emerging Markets, 2013) . Brazil ranks as one of the top 4 countries for growth in the manufacturing and industrial industries, telecommunications, technology and media, professional and business services, financial services, consumer products, pharmaceuticals and healthcare, energy and resources, automotive, chemicals, and transportation industries (Top 30 Emerging Markets 2012-2017). In addition Brazil will be a destination for world class events such as the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games that will bring thousands of visitors to the country. As Brazil continues to grow in popularity as a location for trade, cultural activities, and investment the topics of international accounting will become more and more important.
This paper will discuss three topics pertaining to international accounting issues. It will focus on benefits and challenges of the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Brazil. Second, it will look at the impact of the effects of inflation on the…...

Similar Documents

International Financial Reporting Standards (Ifrs) in Indian Context

...International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Indian context Introduction Convergence with IFRS has gained momentum in recent years all over the World. 110+ countries including European Union, Australia, China, New Zealand, and Russia currently require or permit the use of IFRS. Apart from India, countries like Japan, Sri Lanka, Canada and Korea have also committed to adopt IFRS from 2011. United States of America has announced its intention to adopt IFRS from 2014 and it also permits foreign private filers in the U.S. Stock Exchanges to file IFRS complied Financial Statement, without requiring the presentation of reconciliation statement. In this scenario of globalisation, India cannot insulate itself from the developments taking place worldwide. In India, so far as the ICAI is concerned, its aim has always been to comply with the IFRS to the extent possible with the objective to formulate sound financial reporting standards. The ICAI, being a member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), considers the IFRS and tries to integrate them, to the extent possible, in the light of the laws, customs, practices and business environment prevailing in India. The Preface to the Statements of Accounting Standards, issued by the ICAI, categorically recognises the same. Now, as the world globalizes, it has become imperative for India also to make a formal strategy for convergence with IFRS with the objective to harmonize with globally accepted accounting......

Words: 1824 - Pages: 8

Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting

...Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting Tim Sutton second edition Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting We work with leading authors to develop the strongest educational materials in business and finance, bringing cutting-edge thinking and best learning practice to a global market. Under a range of well-known imprints, including Financial Times Prentice Hall, we craft high quality print and electronic publications which help readers to understand and apply their content, whether studying or at work. To find out more about the complete range of our publishing please visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting Second Edition Tim Sutton Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated Companies throughout the world Visit us on the World Wide Web at: www.pearsoned.co.uk First published 2000 Second edition published 2004 © Financial Times Management 2000 © Pearson Education Limited 2004 The right of Timothy G. Sutton to be identified as author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying in the......

Words: 163377 - Pages: 654

International Accounting Standards

...Internship Report On Management Accounting Practice At Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd: A Review Of Costing Function ‘Management Accounting Practice At Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd: A Review Of Costing Function’ by Syeda Afrina Sarwar ID: 07304063 BRAC Business School BRAC University, Bangladesh August 2011 ‘Management Accounting Practice At Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd: A Review Of Costing Function’ Submitted By: Syeda Afrina Sarwar ID: 07304063 BRAC Business School Submitted To: ------------------------------------------------Ms. Rahnuma Ahmed Lecturer BRAC Business School BRAC University, Bangladesh August 2011 Letter of Transmittal August 10, 2011 Ms. Rahnuma Ahmed Lecturer BRAC BUSINESS SCHOOL BRAC University 66, Mohakhali Dhaka-1212 Subject: Submission of Internship Report Dear Madam, I am submitting an internship report titled for ‘Management Accounting Practice At Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd: A Review of Costing Function’ as a part of the requirement of the course. Your guideline has been followed in every aspect of preparing this report. I have really enjoyed working on this project and I hope that my work would meet the level of your expectation. Any query on this report is appreciated. Thank You. Sincerely, Syeda Afrina Sarwar ID:07304063 Acknowledgement It’s difficult for me to thank all of those marvelous people who have contributed something of them to this report. There are of course some very special people who cannot......

Words: 15094 - Pages: 61

International Financial Reporting Standards and India’s Response

...International financial reporting standards and India’s response “International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are designed as a common global language for business affairs so that company accounts are understandable and comparable across international boundaries.” TABLE OF CONTENT 1. Introduction 2. Objectives of financial statements 3. IFSR and India’s response 4. GAAP 5. Certain clarifications on IFRS roadmap 6. TransitionIFRS methodology Page | 2 1. International Financial Reporting Standards International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are designed as a common global language for business affairs so that company accounts are understandable and comparable across international boundaries. They are a consequence of growing international shareholding and trade and are particularly important for companies that have dealings in several countries. They are progressively replacing the many different national accounting standards. IFRS began as an attempt to harmonies accounting across the European Union but the value of harmonization quickly made the concept attractive around the world. They are sometimes still called by the original name of International Accounting Standards (IAS). IAS was issued between 1973 and 2001 by the Board of the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC). On April 1, 2001, the new IASB took over from the IASC the responsibility for setting International Accounting Standards. During its first meeting the new Board......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

International Financial Reporting Standards (Ifrs): Pros and Cons for Investors

...This article was downloaded by: [Library Services City University London] On: 26 July 2013, At: 08:32 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Accounting and Business Research Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rabr20 International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS): pros and cons for investors Ray Ball a a University of Chicago Published online: 28 Feb 2012. To cite this article: Ray Ball (2006) International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS): pros and cons for investors, Accounting and Business Research, 36:sup1, 5-27, DOI: 10.1080/00014788.2006.9730040 To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00014788.2006.9730040 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Taylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of......

Words: 16830 - Pages: 68

Perkembangan Standar Akuntansi Keuangan Indonesia Menuju International Financial Reporting Standards

...INDONESIA MENUJU INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS Rindu Rika Gamayuni ABSTRACT The Indonesian Financial Accounting Standards needs to adopt IFRS, so that the Indonesian financial reports can be accepted globally and the Indonesian companies are able to enter the global competition to attract the international investors. Currently, the adoption by Indonesian PSAK is in the form of harmonization, which means partial adoption. However, Indonesian is planning to fully adopt the IFRS by 2012. Such an adoption will be mandatory for listed and multinational companies. The decision as to whether Indonesia will fully adopt the IFRS or partly adopt for harmonization purposes needs to be considered carefully. Full adoption of IFRS will enhance the reliability and comparability of the financial reports internationally. However, it may contradict the Indonesian tax systems and other economic and political situations. If Indonesia were to adopt fully the IFRS by 2012, the challenges are faced firstly by the academic society and the companies. The curriculum, syllabi, and literature need to be adjusted to accommodate the changes. These will take considerable time and efforts due to the many aspects related to the changes. Adjustments also need to be done by corporations or organizations, particularly those with international transactions and interactions. Full adoption also means the changing of accounting principles that has been applied as accounting standards......

Words: 4353 - Pages: 18

Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards

...CHAPTER 1 Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE | | | | |Topics |Questions |Cases | |1. |Subject matter of accounting. |1 |4 | |2. |Environment of accounting. |2, 3, 29 |6, 7 | |3. |Role of principles, objectives, standards, and accounting |4, 5, 6, 7 |1, 2, 3, 5 | | |theory. | | | |4. |Historical development of GAAP. |8, 9, 10, 11 |8 | |5. |Authoritative pronouncements and rule-making bodies. |12, 13, 14, 15, |3, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17 | | | |16, 17, 18, 19, | | | | |20, 21, 22, 23 | ...

Words: 12149 - Pages: 49

International Financial Financial Reporting Standards

...1. IAS 16 PROPERTY PLANT AND EQUIPMENT This standard regulates the measurement, recognition, derecognition and disclosure requirements of non-current assets and its related expenditure or income in the financial statements. It also defines the scope of it by stating clearly all assets falling within it. 1.1. Definition Property, plant and equipment refer to all tangible non-current assets used in the production or supply of goods and services, for administrative purpose or for rental to others. This definition emphasizes 4 important features of assets qualifying as PPE. a) They are tangible non-current assets. This creates the delineation well excluding clearly any asset that does not have physical appearance or used in the working capital cycle or to be realized just in the following year. b) Used in the production of goods and services. Also PPE are involved in the production process like machines or they are used to supply the goods after production has been made like motor vehicles. c) For administrative purpose.PPE again help businesses to carry out their official duties. For instance staff use cars of the company in their activities of the organization or this can be used as a place of conducting daily operations like building. d) Used for rental purpose.PPE are also used to earn investment income.i.e by giving it out for hiring for others to use (but excludes land and building for capital appreciation or hiring purposes) 1.2 Measurement This......

Words: 5707 - Pages: 23

International Financial Reporting Standards and Its Adoption Within the Institutional Perspective

...Summary and Research Question: Historically, each nation has developed and applied its own domestic accounting standards; however, globalisation and integration of capital markets result in capital which travels across global boundaries. This process reveals a need for single set of financial standards. At this point, International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are developed by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). Even though many researches have been done within the context of the effects of IFRS adoption, those studies have not expounded the background of IFRS adoption systematically. That is why this thesis aims to understand why some economies, on the one hand, have instantly adopted IFRS standards; others, on the other hand, have not completely used, or have rejected it. Background (Literature Review) : According to accounting theory, disclosing relevant and timely information on financial reporting reduce information asymmetry(Sun and Soderstorm, 2007). In general, "A single set of international standards will enhance comparability of financial information and should make the allocation of capital across borders more efficient" (Tweedie, 2004) In considering the rise of IFRS, a positive trend towards IFRS could be stated among countries, whereas some countries have already has negative reaction to the IFRS (Armstrong et al, 2010). The expected benefits of IFRS through enhanced comparability, transparency and quality have been......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Financial Accounting and Reporting

...Financial Accounting and Reporting March 2015 Maldives Business School Cover Page ASSIGNMENT BRIEF BTEC HND/Associate Degree in Business (Management/HR/Marketing) The student must fill the relevant parts of the following table. Student Date Student First Name Student Last Name ID Task No. submitted Date issued Mohamed 1 8th March 2015 Statement of authenticity I, the above named student, hereby confirm that this assignment is my own work and not copied or plagiarized. It has not previously been submitted as part of any assessment. All the sources, from which information has been obtained for this assignment, have been referenced in the Harvard format. I further confirm that I have read and understood the Maldives Business School rules and regulations about plagiarism and copying and agree to be bound by them. Assignment summary information Unit 10 Financial Accounting & Reporting Unit Assignment reference 1 Assignment type This is an individual assignment. Task Submit on Do on Task 1: LO1, LO3, LO4, M1, M2, D1, D2, D3: Report 11 April 2015 NA Task 2: LO2, M3: Class assessment NA 23 March 2015 An extension must be applied for in writing by individual students and will only be granted Extensions for valid reasons. Late submissions Late submissions will be marked for all grades but will incur a fine of MVR 500. Assessor(s): Internal verifier: Assessor(s) please fill the table below AFTER the......

Words: 4124 - Pages: 17

The Effect of Culture on the Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards

...Claremont Colleges Scholarship @ Claremont CMC Senior Theses CMC Student Scholarship 2011 The Effect of Culture on the Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards Mitchell A. Skotarczyk Claremont McKenna College Recommended Citation Skotarczyk, Mitchell A., "The Effect of Culture on the Implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards" (2011). CMC Senior Theses. Paper 165. http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cmc_theses/165 This Open Access Senior Thesis is brought to you by Scholarship@Claremont. It has been accepted for inclusion in this collection by an authorized administrator. For more information, please contact scholarship@cuc.claremont.edu. CLAREMONT McKENNA COLLEGE THE EFFECT OF CULTURE ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS SUBMITTED TO PROFESSOR MARC MASSOUD AND DEAN GREGORY HESS BY MITCHELL SKOTARCZYK FOR SENIOR THESIS SPRING 2011 2 Table of Contents I. Introduction…………………….……………………………………………………………….4 II. Literature Summary………………………………………...………………...….……………..5 III. IFRS……………………...……………………………………………………..……………11 IV. Carve-outs…………………………………………………………………………………....18 V. Culture and Accounting………………………………………………………………………25 VI. Conclusion………………………………………………………………...…………………30 Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………...32 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………………..37 3 I. Introduction As globalization increases at a blistering pace,......

Words: 9884 - Pages: 40

A Comparison and Contrast Analysis of United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Gaap) and International Financial Reporting Standards (Ifrs)

...Analysis of United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) This paper examined the relationship between United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and found merging both accounting standards into a worldwide standard is ideal for investors. Corporate financial statement requirements depend on location. The two accepted accounting standard systems are GAAP and IFRS. The differences between GAAP and IFRS are GAAP is rules-based and IFRS is principle-based. How can a worldwide accounting standard benefit the world economy? The answer depends on political will, culture, countries history, and business structure. Research indicated there are only slight differences between GAAP and IFRS. These slight differences must be explored further to predict the impact on companies, economic, and financial markets. GAAP and IFRS have to be reconciled as a worldwide accounting standard to efficiently allow investors to compare foreign companies. GAAP set the accounting standard for the United States since its inception in 1929. GAAP evolved over the last 60 years (Măciucă, Ursache, Moroşan, & Apetri, 2014). IFRS was established in 1973 (Smith, 2012). IFRS used GAAP as a source document for its standards, either to imitate, modify, or omit (Chevis, 2014). The European Union established IFRS as the standard in 2005 (Smith, 2012). In 2007, the......

Words: 1271 - Pages: 6

International Accounting Standards and Accounting Quality

...1976 International Accounting Standards and Accounting Quality Mary E. Barth Wayne R. Landsman Mark H. Lang September 2007 RESEARCH PAPER SERIES http://ssrn.com/abstract=1029382 International Accounting Standards and Accounting Quality Mary E. Barth* Graduate School of Business Stanford University Wayne R. Landsman and Mark H. Lang Kenan-Flagler Business School University of North Carolina September 2007 Forthcoming, Journal of Accounting Research * Corresponding author: Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, 94305-5015, mbarth@stanford.edu. We appreciate helpful comments from Bill Beaver, Utpal Bhattacharya, Ole-Kristian Hope, Karl Lins, Doug Shackelford, Steve Young, Patricia Walters, T.J. Wong, Ray Ball (editor), an anonymous referee, and workshop participants at the Athens University of Economics and Business, Southern Methodist University, the 2005 Pennsylvania State University Accounting Research Conference, the 2005 Joint Journal of Accounting ResearchLondon Business School Conference on International Financial Reporting Standards, the 2006 New York University International Accounting Convergence and Capital Markets Integration Conference; research assistance of Yang Gui, Yaniv Konchitchki, and Christopher Williams; and funding from the Center for Finance and Accounting Research, Kenan-Flagler Business School. International Accounting Standards and Accounting Quality Abstract We examine whether application of International......

Words: 16510 - Pages: 67

Ifrs International Financial Reporting Standards

...International Financial Reporting Standards vs. Generally Accepted Accounting Principals Over the last decade, the world has become increasingly connected. Businesses are embracing opportunities abroad and gathering investors from a progressively growing international market. Globalization has given rise to a number of questions regarding multicultural business practice. It has also created a need for universal financial reporting that is consistent and useful to all of its users, international and domestic alike. Due to this growing concern, the International Accounting Standards Board was established and has created a code of standards to facilitate such financial reporting. IFRS is an acronym for International Financial Reporting Standards. IFRS are a set of accounting standards that will establish a uniform financial statement accounting standard across the world (AICPA, “What is IFRS”). These standards will create a consistency among financial statements, and will allow external uses better comparability from one entity to another, regardless of the entity’s country of origin. IFRS was developed by the International Accounting Standards Board, IASB, a London based organization established in 2001. The AICPA was a founder member of this board, and, while not in direct affiliation thereof, has established a website to educate individuals and businesses on IFRS (AICPA, “What is the IASB”). The cost of the United States converting to IFRS is under scrutiny, many believe...

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

International Financial Reporting Standards

...International Financial Reporting Standards The application of IFRS is spreading all over the world as a result of the development of world economy and increasing transactions among countries and nations. For many years, even now, different countries have different account standards, such as U.S. GAAP, Japan GAAP, and IFRS are mainly adopted by European countries. In recent years, many countries accepted or acknowledged standards used in other countries. In America, for example, the SEC issued that it is possible to adopt IFRS in November 2008 and SEC stated that IFRS is the high quality global accounting standards in February 2010. IFRS, short for International Financial Reporting Standards, are the principles developed by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). Nowadays, “it is becoming the global standard for the preparation of public company financial statements.”(Ervin Black) Parts of standards of IFRS are based on International Accounting Standards published by the Board of the International Accounting Standards Committee between 1973 and 2003. “On April 1st, 2001, the new IASB took over from the IASC the responsibility for setting International Accounting Standards. During its first meeting the new Board adopted existing IAS and SICs. The IASB has continued to develop standards calling the new standards IFRS.”(Geoffrey Whittington) U.S. GAAP, short for the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, is more widely accepted in United......

Words: 1263 - Pages: 6