Asian Manners

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By LeaAnne
Words 3312
Pages 14
Tema 1 : Masyarakat tempatan
1.2 Hukum adat, peraturan, dan undang-undang yang diamalkan oleh setiap negara - Bentuk, peranan, dan pelaksanaannya

Pendahuluan
Hukum adat merupakan undang-undang lisan yang diperturunkan daripada satu generasi kepada satu generasi yang lain melalui pertuturan. Hukum adat merupakan undang-undang awal yang dilaksanakan oleh kebanyakan negara di Asia. Hukum adat telah lama diamalkan oleh masyarakat tempatan di negara-negara Asia sebelum kedatangan Barat. Mengikut sejarah, hukum adat dikaitkan dengan segala bentuk adat resam yang menjadi amalan kebiasaan sesuatu masyarakat. Adat ini diamalkan secara turun temurun sehingga akhirnya berubah menjadi peraturan atau hukum yang harus dipatuhi. Hal ini menyebabkan hukum adat juga dikenali sebagai resam.

Hukum adat di negara-negara Asia menjadi : a) peraturan bagi mengawal tingkah laku dan perlakuan anggota masyarakat b) panduan kepada sesuatu masyarakat untuk mengekalkan keharmonian dan keadilan c) panduan menjamin keamanan semua anggota masyarakat dalam sesebuah negara d) panduan membentuk sistem nilai yang akan membentuk keperibadian sesuatu masyarakat seperti amalan berkeluarga, bersosial, sistem ekonomi, dan sebagainya e) simbol keseimbangan di antara manusia dengan manusia dan di antara manusia dengan alam untuk memastikan keseimbangan itu akan berterusan agar tidak berlaku kemusnahan alam yang akan menimbulkan malapetaka terhadap manusia f) panduan membentuk hubungan yang erat dalam kalangan anggota masyarakat seperti konsep permuafakatan dan ikatan bekerjasama yang diamalkan dalam masyarakat di Asia

Hukum Adat di Burma
1. Adat tanah
Masyarakat Burma lebih memberikan tumpuan kepada tanah. Mereka dibelenggu dengan tanah mereka. Mengikut adat, tanah bukan hanya dimiliki oleh orang perseorangan, bahkan turut dimiliki oleh keluarga, masyarakat, dan…...

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