Any Evil Person?

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By linh26
Words 1370
Pages 6
It is said that the conception of evil is controversial. The definitions of evil are explained differently in both ordinary and in a particular field such as ethics. The questions we mostly concern about are whether or not there are actual evil persons and how they look like or the reasons make them become evil persons. In this essay, firstly I will discuss two main factors including circumstances and luck, which are concerned as have essential influence on people’s attitude and behaviour in order to perform actions. Secondly, I will demonstrate whether evil persons should be condemned or blameworthy. Finally, I will indicate another factor which was mentioned in Russell’s article is subject’s autonomy because I think it can be considered as the significant factor in order to decide whether a subject is evil person or not.

Before discussing the two factors, circumstance and luck, it is important to understand what evil persons and evil actions are in different accounts. It can be said that there is a relation between evil action and evil person. But what we are judging here is evil action, not evil person though evil action can make an even ordinary person become an evil person and it seems that only evil persons can carry out evil actions. According to psychological thin account, evil action is considered as evil if it is culpable wrong and connect to the extreme harm, whereas psychological thick account adds another point to this, is evil action also encounter with the combination of psychological conditions (Russell 2009). Besides, aggregative accounts of evil personhood say a subject performs more than a specified number of evil actions or responsible for more than a specified number of undeserved harm is evil person (Russell 2009). However, this account can be rejected by basic dispositional account when it suggests that evil persons is the one who is…...

Similar Documents

Evil

...The Problem of Evil William Lane Craig Examines both the logical and probabilistic arguments against God from suffering and evil. The problem of evil is certainly the greatest obstacle to belief in the existence of God. When I ponder both the extent and depth of suffering in the world, whether due to man’s inhumanity to man or to natural disasters, then I must confess that I find it hard to believe that God exists. No doubt many of you have felt the same way. Perhaps we should all become atheists. But that’s a pretty big step to take. How can we be sure that God does not exist? Perhaps there’s a reason why God permits all the evil in the world. Perhaps it somehow all fits into the grand scheme of things, which we can only dimly discern, if at all. How do we know? As a Christian theist, I’m persuaded that the problem of evil, terrible as it is, does not in the end constitute a disproof of the existence of God. On the contrary, in fact, I think that Christian theism is man’s last best hope of solving the problem of evil. In order to explain why I feel this way, it will be helpful to draw some distinctions to keep our thinking clear. First, we must distinguish between the intellectual problem of evil and the emotional problem of evil. The intellectual problem of evil concerns how to give a rational explanation of how God and evil can co-exist. The emotional problem of evil concerns how to dissolve people’s emotional dislike of a God who would permit......

Words: 3493 - Pages: 14

Problem of Evil

...simple fact, evil exists and it can be seen every where in today’s society. No matter how old or young, no matter where we look, whether it is in our textbooks or comic books, on TV or in our video games, evil is always there. There is evil of different types, with different causes and effects, with one event being more evil and has the power to stir up different emotions than the last. By examining opinions offered by people like John Hick, we can understand why God allows evil and the reasons extreme cases of destruction, as in “The Star” by Arthur C. Clarke to exist in our world or anywhere. There is no denying that evil has a tight grasp around the world we live in. It is this simple fact which defines the problem of evil. However, to understand this problem one must first understand evil itself. Webster’s English Dictionary defines evil as morally objectionable behaviour which causes harm, destruction, or misfortune. That being said, there are two different types of evil, moral and natural evil, each of which having their own unique characteristics. Moral evil, or wickedness, is the pain and suffering which is a direct result brought about from human action. Since humans are free to choose and act as they wish, they are free to choose to do good or they can choose to do evil. Most crimes and sinful act which cause pain and suffering, such as rape, murdered, and war are all considered morally evil acts. The second category of evil is natural evil. Natural evil is......

Words: 1389 - Pages: 6

Who Knew the “Evil Parents” Weren’t Exactly Evil?

...Molly O’Farrell September 11, 2013 English 101; Section 1050 Word count:1,025 Who Knew the “Evil Parents” Weren’t Exactly Evil? “THAT’S WHAT I SAID!” I screeched and giggled as my dad teased me for hours. “No Molly, it’s red robin” he would say, emphasizing the “r”. I carefully mimicked: “wed wobin,” and waited for the cycle to continue. This was one of my earliest memories of my dad, at age six just entering first grade. I was still pronouncing “refrigerator” as “refrige-agator” and “cinnamon” as “cimamin.” My parents corrected me every time I would say the wrong word, or pronounce my “r’s” as “w’s.” They even sent me to the speech therapist at my elementary school, just to find out that it was un-needed and I would simply grow out of my bad habits. My parents have always helped me with everything involving school and academics, which has ultimately made me realize how important education is, making my grades my number one priority. Every aspect of one’s background has an effect on their development; culture, social class, family, teachers, genetics, friends, and experiences are just a small portion of the characteristics that play a role in how well a person succeeds in school. However, family and background play the largest role in influencing what type of student an individual will become. In public schools, each child is assumed to get the same treatment, technically making it so that every student has an equal opportunity for success. But regardless of this......

Words: 1076 - Pages: 5

Origins of Evil

...ultimately responsible for everything including evil as stated inIsa.45:7 "I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and createevil: I the Lord do all these things". In the Bible, the story of Jobillustrates that according to specific Christian beliefs, all have sinnedand fallen short of the perfection of God (Romans 3:23), and because we arenot perfect and commit sin, the punishment is mortality. Many religious andphilosophical traditions agree that evil behavior itself is a transgressionthat results from the imperfect human condition. The doctrine of originalsin, as articulated by Saint Augustine's interpretation of Saint Paul,provides that the fall caused a fundamental change in human nature, so thatall descendants of Adam are born in sin, "For all have sinned and fall shortof the glory of God" and can only be redeemed by divine grace. Sacrifice wasthe only means by which humanity could be redeemed after the Fall andbecause "God so loved the world that he sent his only son (Jesus Christ whowas without sin and died on the cross as the ultimate redemption for the sinof humankind) that whoever believes in him should not perish, but haveeverlasting life".Evil has also been an important aspect to the existence of free willand human agency. Others argue that evil itself is ultimately based in anignorance of truth (i.e. human value, sanctity, divinity). A variety ofEnlightenment thinkers have alleged the opposite, by suggesting that evil islearned as a consequence of......

Words: 2311 - Pages: 10

Google Is Evil

...The power of Google should be limited before it becomes too much of a monopoly in the world especially with its deepening relationship with several of United States Government programs such as the CIA and NSA. With these governmental aids, who knows what is Google’s true potential. Who knows what privacy issues will occur in future. Even with Google’s mission statement “To organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful” pretty much says in itself that Google doesn’t care about anyone’s privacy. Google’s mantra “Don’t be evil” is its reassurance that the information obtained by Google will not be used in a bad sense, but what is evil in Google’s eye. Didn’t you ever wonder how Google can supply free tools online such as g-mail and its toolbar? The answer is easy, Google provides these tools for free because there is an unrecognized agreement by many when you sign up for the usage of these tools and it is that Google can scan anything too collect data. For example, in your g-mail, Google scans all emails in g-mail that are being sent and received. Let alone whatever Google scans, they store. So that private love affair that you think is so private on that g-mail account, think again, because Google knows. So why does it matter that Google scans all of this information, what makes it so bad. Well going back to Google’s partnership with our government. Google can supply our government with so much more information then is imaginable. Some see......

Words: 1370 - Pages: 6

Evil Twin

...Evil Twin Wi-Fi Attacks NT1110: Computer Structure and Logic October 23, 2013 Abstract What is the “Evil Twin”? Evil Twin is a type of Wi-Fi attack, it is a home-made wireless access point that masquerades as a legitimate hot spot with a very strong signal in efforts to gather personal or corporate information. With this, the overall goal of this report is to educate the public on how to protect themselves. Additionally in this disadvantages and advantages will be discussed along with the effects on consumers and the future. According to Dr. Phil Nobles, a wireless Internet and cybercrime expert at Cranfield University, said: this is how the evil twin works. "So-called 'evil twin' hotspots present a hidden danger for Web users. In essence, users think they've logged on to a wireless hotspot connection when in fact they've been tricked to connect to the attacker's unauthorized base station. The latter jams the connection to a legitimate base station by sending a stronger signal within close proximity to the wireless client -- thereby turning itself into an 'evil twin. Cybercriminals don't have to be that clever to carry out such an attack. Because wireless networks are based on radio signals they can be easily detected by unauthorized users tuning into the same frequency." The Disadvantage of Evil Twins The Evil Twins a Menace to Wireless Security > Mobile, (by Jack M German Tech News World 06/04/09). Once the......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6

Problem of Evil

...What is the “Problem of Evil”? What is the difference, if there is a difference, between so-called “moral evil” and “natural evil”? How exactly does John Hick, in his essay “Problem of Evil”, solve the problem of both “Moral evil” and “natural evil”? Do you think that either or both, of Hick’s solutions is really able to solve what appears to be a unique problem of evil in Arthur C. Clarke’s short story, “The Star”? Unhappiness, as a whole, is a challenge to the idea of good. When one hears or discovers about the disasters or the pain and suffering of wars, violence, earthquakes and killings it is safe to ask one’s self, what the problem of evil is. Investigating the short story “Problem of Evil” written by John Hick the author talks about the differences in “moral evil” and “natural evil” while defining the main question with god and evil. Furthermore in “moral evil” and “natural evil” John Hicks explanations are studied throughout the short story titled The Star by Arthur C. Clark. The problem that is most debated among believers and non-believers of God is the problem of evil. This debate is due to the belief of the omnipotence of God, saying how he is all loving, all powerful and all knowing. For all these meanings of God, there is a major defect, if the almighty is capable of revealing these abilities then how could he let evil enter into the world. If he is all- loving, then why is there so much hatred revolving around us and ultimately, If he is all-powerful, then......

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Good and Evil

...The Coexistence of Good and Evil The first couple paragraphs of Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s, “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings” presents a family who has been dealt with a delirious old man with wings that showed up in their courtyard. Pelayo and his wife Elisenda had been dealing with an immense amount of crabs inside their house at the time and a sickly child who has had a temperature all night and had thought it was due to the stench brought on by the crabs. The couple had then reached out to their neighbor women who “knew everything about life and death” (590). The woman had explained to them that he was an angel who had been defeated by the storm and was there to take the child’s soul away. She advised Pelayo and his wife to club him to death but instead, they had dragged him out of the mud and locked him in a chicken coop where the hens live. The sickly child’s fever had vanished and had an appetite again shortly after the old man’s arrival. The family soon realized they could make a profit by charging admission because of all the attraction that this old man with enormous wings has brought. Though this old man was held captive throughout the entire story, many good things had happened during his presence. There are many key symbols in this short story by author Gabriel Marquez that allow me to believe both good and evil co-exist. The story begins with a dark setting by describing the most dreadful occurrences one could endure. One of the first occurrences described......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

The Problem of Evil

...Everyone believes that God allows evil to happen. Believers and unbelievers struggle with this concept. The problem with evil is that it’s deeply rooted in us because God gave us free will. Without free will, we would be forced into loving God. He, however, wants us to love him because we choose to. Many unbelievers argue that “the existence of such evil cannot be reconciled with, and so disproves, the existence of such a God. (The Philosophy of Religion, 2008).” The theology of Hamartiology explains that evil comes in moral and natural ways. The most common that is rooted in us is the moral way. Moral evil is the willful bad acts or decisions of humans against God, others and even themselves. Every day we experience this as a way of life. An example is what we see in our current news. Isis, a terrorist group, choose to murder people for their faith. Natural evil is the “result of any event perceived to be morally negative and that is not caused by the action or inaction of an agent, such as a person. (Chief of Sinners)” An example of this would be if a person chooses to smoke cigarettes, then it is inevitably going to cause them to get lung cancer along with many other harmful diseases which are forms of natural evil. The question as to why sin exist and bad things happen is often asked, especially by lost souls. If you think about it, if God created a perfect world then none of us would have free will. We would essentially be loving God with no reason other than......

Words: 467 - Pages: 2

Evil

...her older brother Terry. We hear about them and their friends, and how they used to play together in the game of playing the Tudors (old English royal family). The flashbacks are between the years 1973 and 1974. The second setting is taking place in the present time, in the home of Sarah, with Sarah as the main character. She has a family with her husband Lyle and together they have 2 children, Coco and Mark. In both settings death is appearing. First there is the death of Terry and in the present path we hear about the death of Mark’s best friend, Peter. The events in the present have some sort of connection with Sarah’s flashbacks, it’s explained below. We read the story in Sarah’s point of view, so it’s a first person narrator. Even though there is a first person narrator the story, events and descriptions seems to be reliable. To me the story seems like an open diary. She’s telling her story to us and not herself. In her childhood she, with her brother and their friends, likes to play the role of Anne Boleyn, the former wife of Henry VIII. Anne was beheaded by her husband due to not giving him a son. She was charged for treason and adultery. All of the kids were especially fascinated by her death, they play it over and over again and discuss who gets play Anne Boleyn, and she was their favorite character. Since none of them had death close to them, they seemed to find it quite exciting and great. After Terry’s death everybody has changed, the other kids start to take......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Evil and Good

...In Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God , Marilyn McCord Adams uses another kind of defense for theism. In this reading Adams argues that the problem of evil has been directed at theism in general, which in this case has caused readers on either side of the debate to miss how important and how unique Christianity is to the problem of horrendous evils on this view. She argues that Christianity has a variety of unique tools that can meet the problem of evil more effectively when not abstracted into simply classical theism. Adams’ account has the kind of honest, penetrating discussion of real evil in our world about which philosophy would do well to take notice. The little child kidnapped and murdered; the innocent family killed by the drunk driver; the millions murdered by Hitler; these examples all demand answers for the individual occurrences of evil, according to Adams Specifically, she writes that At a minimum, God’s goodness to human individuals would require that God guarantee each a life that was a great good to him/her on the whole… God would have to… [give each person's life value]… by giving it positive meaning through… great enough good within the context of his/her life” (31, emphasis hers). This stunning claim will likely make the theistic philosopher rock back on his/her heels for a moment. Surely, we cannot be called to account for every individual evil! Adams believes that the Christian theist can indeed do so, not by taking the unconvincing route of......

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

The Evil Propaganda

...Is Propaganda Evil? Most people associate the word ”propaganda” with Nazi Germany in which it was used to unify a nation by turning Adolf Hitler into a demigod, by identifying and demonizing those countries which stood in the way of Germany fulfilling its destiny, and by scapegoating Jews. The result of all that propaganda was the destruction of Europe and the death of some 50 million people, so it is not surprising that propaganda has negative connotations. Propaganda is also used to keep North Korea’s dictatorial Kim family in power by stirring up hatred of the imperialist USA which – according to the Kims – is determined to destroy them. Propaganda was also used to prevent the Soviet Union from fragmenting, also by positioning the USA as a threat. Propaganda leads to deception and that makes it different with Public Relations(PR). This evil technique was used by Nazi party and it is used in advertisements nowadays. I will argue all these points in this text. There are people who believe that there is beneficial propaganda, that supports noble causes such as mobilizing the nation in the face of nation, promoting equal rights for women or racial minorities and for the sake of improved public health, to give just a few examples. One propaganda campaign that might be considered ethical is the one opposing the practice of female genital mutilation in North Africa, a brutal practice that entails surgery performed by mothers or grandmothers on little girls......

Words: 1362 - Pages: 6

The Evil of Lying

...The Evil of Lying The Evil of Lying was written by Charles Fried and is a section from his book Right and Wrong. In The Evil of Lying, Fried argues that lying is always wrong even when it may have good results. Fired believes that lying is intentional and morally wrong even when the lie you have told turns out to be true. Lying, under any circumstance, is wrong as it fails to respect someone by not telling him or her the truth. A deontologist would be against lying because they believe that it is our sense of duty to not lie and always tell the truth. In order to be ethical, one must operate according to categorical imperatives. This means that lying is something that you are willing to universalize for example, if you lie then you must accept that everyone around you lies. Deontologists would also fid this difficult because although no one should lie, we cannot always refrain from lying all the time. “I do not necessarily do you harm at all by deed or word if I induce you to believe what is not in fact the case; I may even do you good, possibly by way, for example, of consolation or flattery.” This quote by G. J. Warnock is something that deontologists would not agree with because even though flattery may do someone good it is still considered lying. Deontologists believe that it is our duty to tell the truth regardless of whether it is doing someone good or harm. Consequentialists would be in favor of lying if it produced a good outcome. Consequentialists believe......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Evil Deeds

...The argument which I am focusing on is titled “No One Knowingly Does Evil” and is written by Socrates. This argument concludes that those who do evil things do them involuntarily. According to Socrates it is not in human nature to choose to act in a way what one believes to be harmful, instead of a way that is good.  He claimed that all wrong, or evil, is only done out of ignorance and not from the intention to do evil. This view appears controversial because people are known to occasionally commit deeds that are apparently evil either out of self-interest or acting on impulse, against their better judgment. It is at this point that we come to an important clarification. Socrates did not state that doing wrong to others is ever right, but that the motivation for such actions determines the character of the will involve. Socrates maintained that people are never motivated to bring harm to themselves. Since Socrates believed that wrongdoing always harmed the wrongdoer, he saw all wrongdoing as a mistake in judgment or an expression of ignorance. This is especially true in cases where a life full of wrongdoing never physically harms the wrongdoer. Socrates believed that the most pitiable of humans were those who lived under the delusion that their wrongdoing benefited them. Socrates saw no conflict between self-interest and morality. On the contrary, he saw virtue as the greatest benefit and maintained that immoral actions actually harmed the agent and could therefore only be......

Words: 1254 - Pages: 6

Problem of Evil

...The Problem Of Evil There are many events throughout the world that occur, that we cannot explain. The evils that exist are moral and non-moral evils. The moral evils that exist are poverty, oppression, persecution, war and injustice. The non-moral evils that occur frequently but not usually on a daily basis are earthquakes, hurricanes, storms, flood, drought, and blight (philosophy. Lander.edu/intro/hick.stml). These evils happen with thousands of people dying daily for no reason. The problem of evil is a touchstone of any religion. The direct confrontation with evil results in suffering, and thus endless questions about the meaning of life. That is why all religions have to give a proper answer regarding the origin, nature and end of evil (www.comparativreligion.com/evil.html). Many people think these occurrences are evil and why does God allow them to happen. To believe in God is difficult because of all of the evil that he allows. This is because many evils (for example, the suffering of children) seem to serve no justifiable purpose. Therefore, these kinds of evils count against the existence of God. These evils are called gratuitous (or pointless) evils. (http://www.equip.org/articles/addressing-the-problem-of-evil-). The pointless evils that exist show that God may not exist. The different religions of the world justify that a God does exist. Many religions of the world believe that you cannot have good without evil because it helps to keep things balanced...

Words: 1601 - Pages: 7