In: People

Submitted By amanitoza
Words 893
Pages 4
ntroduction * Dr Patricia Benner introduced the concept that expert nurses develop skills and understanding of patient care over time through a sound educational base as well as a multitude of experiences. * She proposed that one could gain knowledge and skills ("knowing how") without ever learning the theory ("knowing that"). * She further explains that the development of knowledge in applied disciplines such as medicine and nursing is composed of the extension of practical knowledge (know how) through research and the characterization and understanding of the "know how" of clinical experience. * She coneptualizes in her writing about nursing skills as experience is a prerequisite for becoming an expert.
ABOUT THE THEORIST * Patricia E. Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN is a Professor Emerita at the University of California, San Francisco. * BA in Nursing - Pasadena College/Point Loma College * MS in Med/Surg nursing from UCSF * PhD -1982 from UC Berkeley * 1970s - Research at UCSF and UC Berkeley * Has taught and done research at UCSF since 1979 * Published 9 books and numerous articles * Published ‘Novice to Expert Theory’ in 1982 * Received Book of the Year from AJN in 1984,1990,1996, 2000 * Her web address is at: * Her profile can be obtained at
She described 5 levels of nursing experience as; 1. Novice 2. Advanced beginner 3. Competent 4. Proficient 5. Expert
* Beginner with no experience * Taught general rules to help perform tasks * Rules are: context-free, independent of specific cases, and applied universally * Rule-governed behavior is limited and inflexible * Ex. “Tell me what I need to do and I’ll do it.”
Advanced Beginner *…...

Similar Documents

Differences in Types of Law

...Weekly Reflection Learning Team D: Stephanie Woodlee, Stephanie Folkman, Suanne Amani, Francis Valentino III, and Samantha Jones Law 421 September 24, 2012 Karen Hutchins J.D.   From a business perspective it is important to understand distinctions between procedural, substantive, criminal, civil, statutory and case laws. In this paper Learning Team D reviews the differences between the aforementioned types of laws, will provide an example of each, and will provide an example of a constitutional amendment designed to protect businesses and organizations. Each team member will also provide their thoughts on the course topics learned thus far and how those topics relate to each member’s respective business field. Procedural and Substantive Law Procedural law comprises the set of rules that govern the proceedings of the court in criminal lawsuits as well as civil and administrative proceedings. The court needs to conform to the standards setup by procedural law, while during the proceedings. These rules ensure fair and consistency in the “due process”. Substantive law is a statutory law that deals with the legal relationship between people or the people and the state. Therefore, substantive law defines the rights and duties of the people, but procedural law lays down the rules with the help of which they are enforced. (Diffen, 2012) Substantive law is an independent set of laws that decide the fate of a case. It can actually decide the fate of the under-trial,......

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Human Resource

...Name: Malak Hayek Amani Al Jerbi Subject: Organic Lab255 Instructor: Dr. Khaled Karake Title: melting point * Title of the experiment: Melting Points * Aim of the experiment: 1. To Identify the melting point of a solid compound (acetanilide) 2. To identify an unknown substance by determining its melting point. 3. Using mixed melting points to confirm the identity of the unknown. * Equipments used: beaker, thermometer, capillary tubes, rubber band, ring stand, heat source. * Chemicals used: glycerol, acetanilide, unknown compound. * Procedure: * Melting point of acetanilide: 1. Place the melting point apparatus as directed by the instructor. 2. Fill 1 cm of the capillary tube with firmly powdered acetanilide. 3. Attach the capillary tube to the thermometer using a rubber band. 4. Turn on the heat source and gradually insert the thermometer into the beaker containing glycerol (do not let the thermometer hit the beaker). 5. When the solid in the capillary tube starts to melt, observe the melting point temperature and record T1. When the solid completely melts, observe the temperature and record T2. * Melting point of the unknown: 1. Fill 1 cm of the capillary tube with an unknown compound. 2. Attach the capillary tube to the thermometer and gradually insert into glycerol. 3. Just as we did for acetanilide, we record T1 and T2. * Melting point for the mixture (unknown and......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2


...reinforce the operational and scientific capacities of the Union of Associations for Conservation of Gorillas and for Development in the East Democratic Republic of Congo (UGADEC) that comprises eight community conservation reserves in the region, including the Tayna Gorilla Reserve created in 1998 nearby. © John Martin/Conservation International. Page 60 Floating markets are a common tradition throughout Southeast Asia where the numerous rivers and waterways are a primary means of transportation and commerce between villages: Bangkok, Thailand. © Art Wolfe. Page 196 Fijian farmer with taro leaves. Taro roots and leaves are important foods for Fijians. © Haroldo Castro/Conservation International. Page 256 Woman feeding her butterflies in Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania. Bee-keeping and butterfly farms are providing income for the people living near the reserve. © 2009 Per-Anders Pettersson. Table of Contents Preface  ......................................................................................................................................... vii . Victoria Tauli-Corpuz Foreword ....................................................................................................................................... ix   Russell A. Mittermeier Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 1   Kristen Walker......

Words: 170022 - Pages: 681

The Islamic Worldview

...ASSIGNMENT UNGS 2030 ASSIGNMENT UNGS 2030 TITLE WORLDVIEW : MEANING, NECESSITY AND ELEMENT ACCORDING TO MUSLIM SCHOLARS TITLE WORLDVIEW : MEANING, NECESSITY AND ELEMENT ACCORDING TO MUSLIM SCHOLARS LECTURER : MD. YOUSUF ALI SECTION: 2 LECTURER : MD. YOUSUF ALI SECTION: 2 NAME : MUNA AMANI BINTI FISAL MATRIC NO : 1218352 THE DEFINITION AND CONCEPT OF WORLDVIEWS From the perspective of Islam, a 'worldview' is not merely the mind's view of the physical world and of man's historical, social, political, and cultural involvement in it. According to Prof. Naquib Al-Attas, the worldview of Islam is not based upon philosophical speculation formulated mainly from observation of the data sensible experience, of what is visible to the eye nor it is restricted to the world of sensible experience, the world of created things. Islam does not concede to the dichotomy of the sacred and the profane. He says that the worldview of Islam encompasses both al-dunya and al-akhirah, in which the dunya-aspect must be related in profound and inseparable way to the akhirah-aspect, in which the akhirah-aspect has the ultimate and final significance. The dunya-aspect is seen as preparation for the akhirah-aspect without thereby implying any attitude of neglect or being unmindful of the dunya-aspect. What is meant by 'worldview' according to the perspective of Islam, is then the vision of reality and truth that appears before the mind's eye revealing what existence is all......

Words: 1753 - Pages: 8

Poisoned by Greed

...Amani Wynne Dr. Earley Image Analysis: NFL logo “Poisoned by Greed” The National Football League was founded in Canton, Ohio, by a group of seven individuals representing four clubs in 1920. The league began with 14 teams and after eight decades since its inaugural season, the NFL has grown to 32 clubs and has become America’s biggest and most popular sports league. According to a recent Harris poll, 30% of those surveyed selected the NFL as their favorite sport, equal to the popularity of professional baseball (15%), professional basketball (7%) and auto racing (7%) combined (Harris Poll). Roughly 120 million fans watch NFL football on television or in stadiums every weekend during the season. The top 10 most-watched television shows in history are all Super Bowls. Telling people one thing when one looks at the NFL logo: it epitomizes sports in America. That is one thought that can come to mind when one views the NFL logo. Many believe the NFL is a prosperous business full of wealthy, honest and hardworking individuals. However, if one were to dig a little deeper into the NFL organization, one would find that the NFL is far from hardworking and honest. To be honest, the NFL works pretty hard to screw everybody over, and take their money in the process. A deeper look into mind of an NFL exec, one would find that the NFL is nothing but a group of frugal, deceptive, egotistical, billionaire......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Descriptive & Inferential Statistics

...Inferential Statistics Presentation Tony Roberson, Amani Wilson, Deandra Cobb, and Lysa Satterwhite PSY 315 November 11, 2013 Melinda Waife Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Presentation Click on link below to review Team D’s presentation. Tony’s Presentation Speaker Notes: Introduction: Please review Prezi Source: Flickr User "unity_creative" To understand the simple difference between descriptive and inferential statistics, all you need to remember is that descriptive statistics summarize your current dataset and inferential statistics aim to draw conclusions about an additional population outside of proposed data (eCaro, 2003). Deandra Statistics in Psychology and its function cannot be taken lightly. The importance ofthe development of psychology would not have been realized if statistics did not play such a crucial role. Important components such as inferential statistics and interactions are dynamic in the study of associations, and affiliations that are essential in psychology.Statistic is the exact phenomenon of nature and it helps in providing a better understanding. Statistics helps in the effectiveness and planning of statistical analysis in any field of study. Furthermore, helps in applicable quantitative data and in presenting complex data in a suitable level, diagrammatic and graphic form for a clear comprehension of the data. Amani Wilson Speaker Notes -......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

Female Dentists in Saudi Arabia

...2006-2007 academic sessions recorded the highest number of female students to graduate from KSU, attaining a Bachelor Degree of Science in Dental Surgery.4 There was an outstanding demographic trend, over the past twenty years, based on the increasing number of female students pursuing dentistry studies.5 Projections indicate that the number of female students will rise following increased number of dental colleges. Consequently, more women will get into the dental workforce than in the past. High women enrolment may promote specialization in various areas such as childcare and maternity arrangement. References 1. Randa E, Amani A. Ministry of Finance and National Economy: Central Department of Statistics and Information, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Statistical. 2009; 21(3): 103-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2009.03.001 2. Randa E, Amani A. Women in dentistry: a perspective on major universities in Saudi Arabia. Analysis and statistical data. 2009; 21(3): 107-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2009.03.002 3. Hobbs T.L. The early women in dentistry. Dent. Reg. 1894;48:31–35. 4. Loevy H.T., Kowitz A.A. Women dentists, Hobbs and after. J. Hist. Dent. 2002;50:123–130.[PubMed] 5. Shalhoub SY, Badr AA. Professional dental education in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia-an overview. Odontostomatol. Trop.1987;205–209...

Words: 512 - Pages: 3

The Truth About Free Will

...ENG 503: CLASS PRESENTATION ASSIGNMENT Report Slaughterhouse Five–Ch. 1-5 For Professor David Copeland By Bill Shelson Alex Tramov Amani Vandeen-Brown Duncan Watt The Truth about Free Will Throughout the majority of this short novel we are introduced to characters who go through horrific situations that affect them physically and more importantly psychologically. Billy Pilgrim our main character is given the curse of travelling back and forth through time seeing his life events and reliving them as well. He loses control through this ordeal because he has no choice in what moments of his life that he is allowed to go back to. Billy also does not have the physical power to change any events that he is not fond of or prevent any future occurrences that he wishes had not happened. Billy is stripped of his Free Will on many occasions and eventually learns how to cope with it. The lack of control Billy endures over the experience of his life teaches him to truly appreciate the good moments he’s lived and to accept the inevitability of events. This story is about a man who witnesses and overcomes horrible situations but becomes aware that life will always throw things at you that are not preventable. In the first five chapters of Slaughter House Five our main character Billy finds his situation becoming increasingly dire in the war and beginning to experience his life out of order. "Billy is a spastic in time, has no control over where he is going next, and the......

Words: 1076 - Pages: 5


...MWENGE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (A Constituent College of St. Augustine University of Tanzania) FACULTY OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY The Role of Guidance and Counseling Services on Behavioral Modification among MVCs in Children Rehabilitations Institution A Case study of Mkombozi Children Centre and Amani Centre for Street Children in Moshi Municipal Yusta P. Mahiku Sunguya F Sunguya (Research supervisor) CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY 1.0 INTRODUCTION It covers the back ground to the study, the statement of the problem, and objectives of the study others are, the research questions, significance of the study, limitation and delimitations of the study, conceptual frame work, definition of operational terms and organization of the study. 1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY This study focuses on looking at the roles of guidance and counseling services on behavioral modification to MVCs in Moshi municipality, the case of Amani Centre for Street Children and Mkombozi Centre for children. The study will focus on examine the roles of guidance and counseling on behavioral modification to MVCs in Rehabilitation Institutions in Moshi Municipality Guidance and Counseling major role on improving children life, behavior change in general wellbeing. (k, 2008) However in globally particularly Chinese guidance and counseling have played many roles in children behavioral modification by helping the child to develop a positive......

Words: 6146 - Pages: 25


...INSTITUTE OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES 2014 EFFECT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON SALES submitted to : ma’m amani maozzam INSTITUTE OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES 2014 EFFECT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON SALES submitted to : ma’m amani maozzam GROUP MEMBERS:- * SHAINA HAMID 12-BS-R-02 * FATIMA BAKHTIAR 12-BS-R-12 * UMAIR MUSHTAQ 12-BS-R-23 * SABA JAFRI 12-BS-R-31 * MUQADDAS NAJEEB 12-BS-R-38 * MARYAM SHAUKAT 12-BS-R-44 * RIMSHA ASHFAQ 12-BS-R-45 * RABYA NADEEM 12-BS-R-58 * * MUHAMMAD SAQIB 12-BS-R-64 Table of Contents ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv Background Information of Advertisement and Sales: 1 Advertisement: 1 Definition: 1 Origin of advertisement: 1 Types of advertisement: 2 Sales: 2 Definition: 2 Concept of Sales: 3 Sales techniques: 3 Research question 3 Research objective: 3 SCOPE OF RESEARCH: 3 Critical literature review: 4 Conceptual Framework: 5 Variables: 5 Variables of Study: 5 Conceptual Framework of Study: 6 Relation: 6 Hypothesis: 7 Operational Definition: 7 RESEARH DESIGN: 7 Definition of research design: 7 Types of research design: 7 Conceptually study of research design to check the effect of advertisement on sale: 9 Data Collection: 9 Data sources: 9 Primary data 9 Secondary data 9 Data collection instruments 9 Observation 9 Questionnaire: 10 SCALES OF......

Words: 5173 - Pages: 21

Role of Community Participation

...CAPACITIES ADDRESSING VULNERABILITY Table [ 7 ]: capacity assessment Elements at Risk | Time element | Capacities | Individual survivability | -Before hazard * Under 5s | Existing | Required | Gaps | | | -wanaraha-wanacheza-wanakula vizuri-wanacheza-wasafi | -wanahitajika kua wenye afya nzuri | -Hawana upungufu | | * Elderly | -wanaishi katika mazingira mazuri-wanatubzwa vizuri-wana afya nzuri-wanafuraha | -waendelee na maisha yao | -hawana upungufu | | * PWD | -wanaishi katika mazingira mazuri-wanatubzwa vizuri-wanasoma vizuri-wanafuraha | -waendeleze maisha yao | -hawana upungufu | | * women | -hawatembei mwendo mrefu-ndoa hazivunjiki-wako na Amani-Ni wenyeafya nzuri | -wako na amaani endelevu | -hawana upungufu | | * men | -wako safi-nguvu zina nueli-wana Amani nyumbani na kazini | -wabaki vivyo hivyo | -hawana upungufu | | -During hazard * Under 5 | -uwezo wa kutegemea wazazi | -kufunzwa jinsi ya kujitegemea | -hawaji mudu | | * Elderly | -wanategemea usaidizi | -wajisaidie kwa kiwango flani | -hawajiwezeshi | | * PWD | -wanategemea usaidizi | -waweze kujimudu | -hawawezeshwi | | * Women | -kutembea mwendo mrefu kutafuta maji | -maji yaletwe karibu | -maji yako mbali | | * Men | -kuenda mwendo mrefu kutafuta maji | -maji yawe karibu | -maji yako mbali | Community Readiness | Before hazard | -tuko na mabenesi,visima,borehole,mito na maziwa-jamii ina nguvu ya kazi-nyumba za mabati-wakereketwa |......

Words: 4653 - Pages: 19


...variables of study, “The main objective of this study was to assess the correlation between serum zinc concentrations and dietary zinc intakes with depression scores in University female students (Amani, 2010). This study helped her to understand that variables and calculations where very important to the study to help found the direct link between the different types of zinc but still struggled with applying the calculations to the data provided. The team member found that these concepts would have a great impact in her line of work when fully understood because there are instances where changes in the workflow need to be made and instead of waiting time thinking there is a problem, she is able to show numerical proof that there is an issue at hand. Team C in all has collaborated on several concepts this week and have grown to understand the basics of the steps to testing a research hypothesis, comparing the means of two or more groups, and calculating the correlation between two variables. Even though the team encountered many struggles with the following concepts, the team has come up with several routes to help them gain a better understanding of each area such as studying the definitions, reading outside articles, and continuing with completing the math labs. References Amani, R., Saeidi, S., Nazari, Z., & Nematpour, S. (2010). Correlation between dietary zinc intakes and its serum levels with depression scales in young female students. Biological Trace......

Words: 1587 - Pages: 7

Adb Report

...MKT 4306 – International Marketing Report on the presentation of : African Development Bank First of all I would like to thank Dr. Hamelin for this interesting presentation, and my colleagues for the interactive discussion they animated. The guest speaker is a successful Egyptian woman, who has been managing a portfolio of 2 billion euros, she is the representative of African Development Bank in Morocco. Dr. Amani Abou-Zeid has been involved in many socio economic development programs. Her experience is not limited to Morocco but extends throughout the Middle East, Europe, the United Kingdom and Canada. Dr. Abou-Zeid talked about some facts about Africa saying that: In 2005-08 Africa’s growth average 6%, Growth of 4.8% in 2010 up from 3% back in 2009. Opportunities are diversified and represents the interest greater than any other developped continent; namely , fast reforms, commodities, agriculture, growing markets & middle class. The ADB strategy sectorial emphasis : Infrastructure, Governance, Private sector development, higher education. ADB is also the first development partner is Morocco. Africa’s recent economic performance states that Africa register interesting growth in the past years due to seriousness after its economic and fiscal crises in the 70’s and 80’s. The implications of financial crisis on Africa had little direct impact of the world financial crisis on African Financial System. However, Africa was more affected by recession. ...

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

Literary Review on Sepet

...Gold Winner for Petronas advertisement Tan Hong Ming In Love * Malaysia Film Festival awards for Best Director (2009)Talentime * Berlin International Film Festival International Jury of Generation Kplus Grand Prix of the Deutsches Kinderhilfswerk for Best Feature Film and Generation Kplus Children's Jury Awards – Special Mention (2007) Mukhsin ii.When was the film made? Sepet was made in year 2004.Sepet is romantic comedy drama film set in Ipoh,Malaysia.Sepet it tells a tale of love blooms between a Chinese guy and malay girl.Sepet is a malay word which refers to slits eyes of Chinese.Sepet is directed by Ysamin Ahmad and produced by Rosnah Kassim and Elyna Shukri.Sepet movie starring by Ng Choo Seong(Jason),Sharifah Amani(Orked),Linus Chung,Harith Iskandar,Adibah Noor and so on.Sepet cinematography is Low Soon Keong.Sepet was released on 24th February 2004. PART B i. Does the title mean in relation to the film as a whole? The title of the film, ‘Sepet’ is a Malay word which means ‘slit Eyes’. Chinese people are significant with this physical condition of their eyes which is different from other race’s people. The title is in relation to the film as a whole, because the movie depicts a love tale between the protagonist a Chinese guy (Jason/ Lee Seow Loong) and a Malay girl (orked) which is not accepted by today’s Malaysian. . In this movie, Sepet is not only be referred to the Chinese people themselves, but all the characters in the movie. As a......

Words: 4438 - Pages: 18

Problems at Ahold

...underdevelopment and, critically analyse the prospects and challenges facing Nairobi County youth today. Additionally, the Forum will establish the nexus between peace realization and its socio-economic and political dimensions. Youth Delegates will have an opportunity to network with key National and International Leaders during Day1 of the Forum at The Diplomatic and Political Leaders Luncheon and on Day 2 at the Corporate and Business Leaders Luncheon. In addition, during the Closing Ceremony Peace Dinner. The Nairobi County Youth Peace Forum presents a new and fresh paradigm for peace centered on the youth who historically have been the faces of violence during general elections. The Forum is grounded in the mantra”Vijana Wameamua Ni Amani” “Youth for Peace”. The Forum will facilitate collaboration between government agencies, diplomatic missions, faith-based organizations, the private sector, the civil society, and grassroots Nairobi youth organizations for a peaceful political transition. The Forum will create a critical mass movement of youth who use their energy, creativity, power, and influence towards Peace Building in Nairobi and Kenya and the achievement of Kenya Vision 2030. Send in your duly completed application form for consideration to by Friday, May 25th, 2012 at 1400h (02.00pm). Mark your application with the subject as “Application to Nairobi County Youth Peace Forum [YOUR NAME/ ORGANISATION/GROUP]”. Only Selected......

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5