Altitude

In: English and Literature

Submitted By abeaumont300
Words 789
Pages 4
Andrew William Beaumont
9/19/13
Eng. 105-WP #1
Altitude Isn’t Just Height Mountain bike company Altitude is trying to sell Bike magazine readers and all other persons who enjoy mountain biking “The All-New 2013 Rocky Mountain Altitude”. Altitude proposes this bike is “Designed to go anywhere.” and, “It can do dominate and conquer the backcountry”. Is this bike worthy of the glory that is acclaimed by Altitude and Bike magazine? Altitude’s new bike is described as if it is designed to be able to endure the great Rocky Mountains of Colorado. This bike is portrayed to dominate and conquer the backcountry. Altitude claims “it can do dominate and conquer the backcountry”. But it may or may not be able to do more than what is claimed. It may only be able to do what it says in their ad in Bikes magazine. It would be in Altitude’s best interest to go into more detail about the opportunities this bike can provide users to experience. Altitude does not inform the reader if this bike is for beginners who would like to learn the fundamentals, or for persons who are more experienced in mountain biking. If this bike is for more or less experienced riders. Altitude would benefit from labeling what type of rider this product is designed for. This seems to be an expensive product, because there is not a price listed and or labeled on this page. A reader would not know how expensive or inexpensive this product is. Knowing the price is essential in any situation where there is the potential of a purchase. Altitude may be afraid that if the price is shown in the magazine ad, potential buyers could be appalled by a price of that stature. Buyers potentially could feel unwilling to purchase a product with such a high price. In the unstable economy of today, price matters for everything from groceries to a new high priced bicycle.
Altitude gives you a brief description of the…...

Similar Documents

Mr Jhj

...of Civil Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, Canada E-mail: andrew.robinson@usask.ca 1 Abstract We present a case study of the physical principles necessary to model the high altitude parachute jump made by Colonel Joseph Kittinger, USAF, in 1960, in order to determine the maximum speed attained and to calculate whether this speed was sufficient to exceed the speed of sound at that altitude. There is considerable discrepancy in the value of the maximum speed attained— 614 miles per hour (mph) or 714 mph—in material available over the internet. Using a very simple physical model we are able to conclude that the lower figure is correct and that it is likely that Colonel Kittinger did not ‘break the sound barrier’ during his descent. The wealth of audio-visual material and animations available makes this a particularly attractive case study to instruct students in elementary kinematics, approximation and physical modelling. Introduction On 16 August 1960, Captain (later Colonel) Joseph Kittinger, USAF, jumped from the helium filled balloon Excelsior III, at an altitude of 31 600 m (102 800 ft). His parachute jump remains the highest altitude jump ever made, and the balloon ascent is also the highest altitude ever attained by a manned balloon [1, 2]. Meanwhile, somewhat less heroically and some 45 years later, one of the authors (AWR) began to include ‘back of the envelope’ or ‘Fermi problems’ in one of his first-year university......

Words: 3639 - Pages: 15

Enger 101 Term Paper "Good Year for Blimps"

...ENGR101 Term Paper “Good Year for Blimps” Group #9 Dorian Puentes 009193325 Rogelio Ruiz 008672298 Alex Quijije 008846316 Kyle Rahill 008743161 Jose Rivera 008864594 Contribution Made by Each Member: “Moral Aspect’s”: Dorian Puentes “Social Aspect’s”: Rogelio Ruiz “Legal Aspect’s”: Alex Quijije “Pioneer Aspect’s”: Kyle Rahill “Environmental Aspect’s”: Jose Rivera California State University, Long Beach College of Engineering ENGR101 SEC09, Fall 2010 November 5, 2010 Blimps are now going to have a great impact on today’s society. Lockheed Martin is developing a HAA (High-Altitude Airship) funded by the Missile Defense Agency. The Pentagon plans to spend $400 million on a very high efficient airship. Lockheed Martin’s HAA is solar powered, helium-filled airship that will fly above the jet stream. HAA will be very beneficial because it will be used for surveillance purposes, weather observation and mobile telecommunications platforms. The HAA sounds like a very efficient airship, but is it efficient when it comes to the environment or society? Is the airship going to have a positive or negative impact? Is Lockheed Martin making everything legal? Lockheed Martin is a global security and information technology company with 136,000 employees worldwide. Their primary customers are the U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. federal government agencies. They design, produce, and maintain advanced technology systems, products, and......

Words: 1857 - Pages: 8

Flight Illusion

...body movements are realign with the moving object. Actually the object is in stable however human brain recognises the object is in moving situation. It is an obvious hazard to pilots on the light deck. A relative motion illusion is a common illusory problem that most of pilots experience during the flight. It needs to be taken very seriously because mid air collision may occur because of this common illusory problem. An aircraft initially appears way higher altitude at a distance may pass the observer way below altitude. In this circumstance, if both pilots decide to change altitude even though the ground control centre confirms the both aircraft’s altitude, they possibly create a collision. In other words, when flying parallel to another aircraft, using peripheral vision, confusing the motion of other aircraft approaching as drifting away of own aircraft. On 29/6/2011, ATSB reference 201104573, Georgetown in Queensland east 9km, the pilot in flight 208B reported that an aircraft crossing their track at the same altitude. Attempt to contact the other aircraft were unsuccessful. There was no mid-air collision, however it shows how relative motion illusion is hazard to pilots....

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Respiratory System

...Respiratory System Essay Athletes prefer to train in high-altitude locations as a competitive strategy to improve their training potential. Exposure to high-altitude could advance and improve an athlete’s quality of training. Oxygen availability is lower at high-altitude but being exposed to the high-altitude causes the body to acclimate to this type of atmosphere. As the body acclimates to the high-altitude, it improves the delivery of oxygen to the muscles and this leads to the theory that consuming more oxygen will lead to a better performance. Strenuous exercise for any amount of time causes the body to use up oxygen in order to produce energy. This kind of exercise is referred to as aerobic exercise which means that the lungs have an increase in gas exchange because more oxygen is taken in and more carbon dioxide is loss. The body automatically produces erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the red blood cell production which carries oxygen to the muscles. The more blood cells built up, the more oxygen can be delivered to the muscles. Other benefits while the body acclimates to the high-altitude includes an increased amount of small blood vessels, an increased buffering capacity that enables the body to manage built up of waste acid, and finally it changes the muscles structure and function. Nonetheless acclimating to high-altitude is not easy. There are other effects that could cancel out the above benefits. For instance, the built up of red blood cells......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Density Altitude

...The Affect of Density Altitude on Aviation A Frequent Cause of Aircraft Accidents Janessa Vankauwenberg Arizona State University Abstract This paper examines an aircraft incident from a student pilot flying from Santa Monica, California, to Durango, Colorado, on June 1st, 2014. It depicts what caused the crash, and the important role that density altitude had on the aviation. Density altitude is a calculation to help pilots compensate for the fact that air is not consistently dense, and it affects the amount of lift available to make an airplane ascend. Density altitude is affected by the weight of the aircraft and its power, as well as the temperature, the humidity, and the altitude (Breneman, 2014). This was a major affect of the accident in Durango, Colorado, because the pilot was inexperienced in topographies of 00C, and did not know how to properly handle the situations (NTSB, 2014). Using the Federal Aviation Association, and the National Transportation Safety Guide’s definitions and knowledge, this paper will best describe what happened in this accident, and give an in-depth description of the affects of aviation density. The Affect of Density Altitude on Aviation; A Frequent Cause of Aircraft Accidents When it comes to conducting safe flight operations, density altitude is of vital importance. According to Linda Breneman (2014,) density altitude is the vertical distance above sea level, and affects the amount of lift available to make an......

Words: 1039 - Pages: 5

Hb Dissociation

...seabed in deep water. The concentration of oxygen is higher in the surface waters than it is in water close to the seabed. Suggest why. (2) 2. The graph shows oxygen dissociation curves for toadfish haemoglobin and for mackerel haemoglobin. Explain how the shape of the curve for toadfish haemoglobin is related to where the toadfish is normally found. (2) 3. An increase in respiration in the tissues of a mammal affects the oxygen dissociation curve of haemoglobin. Describe and explain how. (2) 4. There is less oxygen at high altitudes than at sea level. People living at high altitudes have more red blood cells than people living at sea level. Explain the advantage of this to people living at high altitude. (2) High altitude High altitude 5. Sea level Sea level The graph shows oxygen dissociation curves for people living at high altitude and for people living at sea level. Explain the advantage to people living at high altitude of having the oxygen dissociation curve shown in the graph. (2) 6. The graph below shows oxygen dissociation curves from mammals of different size. Describe the relationship between the size of mammals and the oxygen dissociation curves of their haemoglobins. (1) 7. Heat from respiration helps mammals to maintain a constant body temperature. Use this information to explain the relationship between the surface area to volume ratio of mammals and the oxygen dissociation curves of their haemoglobins. (4)...

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Jet Blue Airways: Regaining Altitude Case Study

...1. How could JetBlue have better communicated with its internal stakeholders across the country on Valentine’s Day and during the days that followed to enhance its image with customers? Stakeholders have their own perception before they begin their interaction with the organization. Usually, the perception is based on what they have read, been told, and what they have been exposed to. JetBlue needed to have ensured the quality of each and every interaction. Updating their web site accordingly, placing automated phone calls telling people that their flights have been canceled and that they were being given a free flight voucher. They needed to make sure that they emphasized how sorry they were and that it is due to the weather, but they were doing everything possible to alleviate the situation. 2. Should the corporate communications team at JetBlue have arrange for CEO David Neeleman to appear on the national television news and talk show circuit following the crisis? What might be the potential benefits and risks to the company’s reputation? The corporate communications team should have arranged for David Deeleman to appear on the talk shows and news shows. He could be potentially pitted against the customers that were unhappy about it, and he may interact with people who are motivated by emotion. It is how he handles the situation. He should have gone on those shows and apologized, spoke about the weather conditions, emphasized it. Also owned up the JetBlue’s......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Critical Analysis

...living at altitude would improve the performance of athletes that compete in the 400-meter dash at sea level. Altitude training is a form of exercise that athletes use to enhance their performance. When training at a greater altitude, it is more difficult for oxygen to reach the muscles because of the thin air. After the training period, a return to sea level can lead a body to acclimatize to the lower level of oxygen, which results in improving the delivery of more oxygen to the muscles and an increase of their VO2 max. Athletes from many different sports use this kind of training to aid them.  However, there is debate in which altitude might just have a physiological benefit. Critics question whether it is just a psychological advantage that helps athlete’s performance once they return back to sea level. Nummela and Rusko’s aim of this study was to “establish the effects of living high and training low on sea-level performance in sprint athletes”(2000, p411). The chosen subjects were made up of eighteen 400m runners or hurdlers, all of which were well-trained and performing at high intensities (Nummela & Rusko, 2000,p412). The participating subjects were split into two groups for the study: six men and two women, who ran for the Finnish national team. They were required to live at altitude and to train at sea level, while the remaining ten men both lived and trained at sea level (Nummela & Rusko, 2000,p412). The average age of the group living at the altitude......

Words: 1615 - Pages: 7

Justin Perdue Treatment and Prevention Plan

...suffering from altitude illness based on history of recent rapid ascension from California to Colorado, and positive signs and symptoms that correlate. It appears the patient may be progressing from altitude mountain sickness to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). Altitude illness has four stages, the first is acute mountain sickness (AMS), symptoms include fatigue, headache, dizziness, insomnia, nausea. This occurs when the body does not have time to adjust from ascending to higher elevations. Decreased oxygen in the blood is what starts the symptoms of altitude sickness. If more serious symptoms develop, such as tissue edema, high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), is the response to the decreased oxygenation in the blood will cause endothelium to release a cascade of signaling molecules that cause the blood vessels in the brain to dilate, which increases the blood brain barrier permeability. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system causes the kidneys to retain water. Symptoms such as altered mental status, ataxia, seizures can occur. The patient does not exhibit any of these symptoms. The other more serious altitude illness of tissue edema is high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). The physiological cause of altitude-induced edema is not conclusively established. It is believed, that HAPE may be caused by general vasoconstriction in the pulmonary circulation which, with constant or increased cardiac output, also leads to increases in capillary pressures,......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Layers of the Atmosphere

...troposphere. It is also the layer where the majority of our weather occurs. Maximum air temperature also occurs near the Earth's surface in this layer. With increasing height, air temperature drops uniformly with altitude at a rate of approximately 6.5° Celsius per 1000 meters. This phenomenon is commonly called the Environmental Lapse Rate. At an average temperature of -56.5° Celsius, the top of the troposphere is reached. At the upper edge of the troposphere is a narrow transition zone known as the tropopause. The Greenhouse Effect: Heat from the Sun warms the Earth's surface but most of it is radiated and sent back into space. Water vapour and carbon dioxide in the troposphere trap some of this heat, preventing it from escaping thus keep the Earth warm. This trapping of heat is called the "greenhouse effect".

However, if there is too much carbon dioxide in the troposphere then it will trap too much heat. Scientists are afraid that the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide would raise the Earth's surface temperature, bringing significant changes to worldwide weather patterns ... shifting in climatic zones and the melting of the polar ice caps, which could raise the level of the world's oceans.
 Above the tropopause is the stratosphere. This layer extends from an average altitude of 11 to 50 kilometers above the Earth's surface. This stratosphere contains about 19.9 % of the total mass found in the atmosphere. Very little weather occurs in the stratosphere. Occasionally,......

Words: 792 - Pages: 4

Subsonic

...Density altitude • The efficiency of the propeller or rotor — which for a propeller (effectively an airfoil) behaves similarly to lift on wings. • The power output of the engine — power output depends on oxygen intake, so the engine output is reduced as the equivalent “dry air” density decreases and produces even less power as moisture displaces oxygen in more humid conditions. Aircraft taking off from a "hot and high" airport such as the Quito Airport or Mexico City are at a significant aerodynamic disadvantage. The following effects result from a density altitude which is higher than the actual physical altitude:[2] • The aircraft will accelerate slower on takeoff as a result of reduced power production. • The aircraft will need to achieve a higher true airspeed to attain the same lift - this implies both a longer takeoff roll and a higher true airspeed which must be maintained when airborne to avoid stalling. Density Altitude Computation Chart[1] Density altitude is the altitude relative to the standard atmosphere conditions (ISA) at which the air density would be equal to the indicated air density at the place of obser• The aircraft will climb slower as the result of revation. In other words, density altitude is air density given duced power production and lift. as a height above mean sea level. “Density altitude” can also be considered to be the pressure altitude adjusted for Due to these performance issues, a plane’s takeoff weight non-standard......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Flying Technology

...Instrumentation & Avionics (Nov 10-13, 2015) The following questions based on the knowledge of chapter 7 Pitot-static instruments Airspeed and airspeed indicator The altimeter and Altitudes Gyroscopic instruments Attitude indicator Turn Coordinator Heading indicator 1. When activated, an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) transmits on A. | 400 MHz (current models) and 121.5/243.0 MHz (older models) | B. | 406 MHz (current models) and 121.5/243.0 MHz (older models) | C. | 400 MHz (current models) and 121.5 MHz (older models) | | 1. Answer B is correct. An ELT is an Emergency Locator Transmitter. ELTs are designed to automatically activate in the event of a crash and send out a signal that can be heard by SAR (Search and Rescue) personnel. * Modern ELTs operate on 406 MHz. These encode your aircraft's identification into the signal they send, and also encode your exact location if the ELT is coupled to an appropriate GPS. 406 MHz ELTs are monitored by orbiting satellites (global coverage) which are designed to alert appropriate SAR (search and rescue) personnel. * Older generation ELTs operate on 121.5 MHz. These do not encode an aircraft identification and also for other reasons have traditionally had a high false-alarm rate. While 121.5 MHz are still installed in many GA aircraft, it is recommended that operators switch to current generation ELTs. In either case, the ELT is generally a brightly colored box (yellow, red, or orange,......

Words: 4275 - Pages: 18

Sport

...david Ethics in Sport Part 1: Altitude Training Altitude training, also known as hypoxic training, involves exercising in, living in or otherwise breathing oxygen reduced air for the purpose of improved athletic performance, pre-acclimatization to altitude and/or physical wellness. Traditionally, individuals had to travel to or live at high elevations to obtain the benefits of this phenomenon. I already use something similar to that, the Elevation mask when I run and workout. That is the main thing you use for altitude training to improve your breathing. http://www.hypoxico.com/ Part 2: Altitude Tents By sleeping in a tent at a simulated high altitude, you reduce the amount of oxygen you are able to breathe in, which forces the body to increase its red blood cell count. Then, when you train back at sea level, you are able to compete more effectively because a greater amount of oxygen is now being delivered to your muscles than before. They can be pretty expensive, ranging from $450 to $500 a month or you can buy for $4,000. I sure wouldn’t pay that much for that, I’ll just continue to use the Elevation Mask. http://www.cyclingweekly.co.uk/reviews/performance-products-and-services/altitude-tent-everest-summit-hypoxic-generator Part 3: Erythropoietin Erythropoietin-Red blood cells are produced in the bone marrow (the spongy tissue inside the bone). In order to make red blood cells, the body maintains an adequate supply of erythropoietin (EPO), a hormone that is...

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Astrology

...Meridional Altitude and Sun Paths. Complete the following table on meridional altitudes. You are encouraged to check your answers with the meridional altitude explorer, but you should make every effort to solve these problems yourself first. Note that part D is completed for you. |Location |Object |Meridional Altitude | |North Pole (lat = 90(N) |Betelguese (dec. = +7) | | |Location |Object |Meridional Altitude | |Equator (lat = 0() |Sirius(dec = -16() | | [pic] [pic] |Location |Object |Meridional Altitude | |Lincoln NE (lat = 41(N) |Summer Solstice Sun | | |Location |Object |Meridional Altitude | |Ann Arbor, MI ( lat = 42ºN) |Capella ( dec = +46º) | | |Location |Object |Meridional Altitude ......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Linguist

...Acclimatization to High Altitudes Elevations below 5,000 feet have little noticeable effect on healthy people. However, at higher elevations the atmospheric pressure is reduced, and the body tissues get less oxygen. This means that soldiers cannot work or exercise as well at high altitudes. The limiting effects of high elevation are often most pronounced in older soldiers and persons with low levels of fitness. Due to acclimatization, the longer a soldier remains at high altitude, the better his performance becomes. Generally, however, he will not perform as well as at sea level and should not be expected to. For normal activities, the time required to acclimatize depends largely on the altitude. In order to insure that soldiers who are newly assigned to altitudes above 5,000 feet are not at a disadvantage, it is recommended that 30 days of acclimatization, including regular physical activity, be permitted before they are administered a record APFT. Before acclimatization is complete, people at high altitudes may suffer acute mountain sickness. This includes such symptoms as headache, rapid pulse, nausea, loss of appetite, and an inability to sleep. The primary treatment is further acclimatization or returning to a lower altitude. Once soldiers are acclimatized to altitudes above 5,000 feet, deacclimatization will occur if they spend 14 or more days at lower altitudes. For this reason, soldiers should be permitted twice the length of their absence, not to exceed 30......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2