Air-Conditioning Systems Simulation and Energy Saving and Economic Analysis for Waiting Hall of Tianjin Railway Station

In: Science

Submitted By declanfei
Words 879
Pages 4
Thesis Proposal

Air-conditioning Systems Simulation and Energy Saving and Economic Analysis for Waiting Hall of Tianjin Railway Station

Introduction
Energy saving of buildings is ever-increasingly emphasized by modern society. With the emergence of innovative technologies, new materials, and sophisticated architectural design, designers are hard to know the energy consumption of a building. It will reduce the real meaning of building's energy consumption test if we conduct this test on a building already built. Therefore, it is recommended to simulate a building's energy consumption within project design stages. Owing to the complexity of the air conditioning process and the mechanism of thermal components, the work of analysis and computation is time-consuming. Meanwhile, simulation software advantages over the traditional way in the application of design compare and equipment selection. In a nutshell, building energy simulation softwares play a vital role in the analysis of building energy consumption.

Tianjin Railway Station is the main railway transport hub of Tianjin city. With the help of software to simulate its air conditioning system and conduct energy analysis, we can obtain some salutary design advices, which are beneficial to the energy saving of Tianjin Railway Station.

Introduction to Waiting Hall of Tianjin Railway Station
Tianjin Railway Station is located in the center of Tianjin, at the junction of Heping District, Hedong District and Hebei District, and is the most important railway transport hub of Tianjin. Tianjin Railway Station is the largest railway station in Tianjin.

In January 2007, Tianjin Railway Station expanded its scale. New Tianjin Railway Station was officially put into use on August 1, 2008. New Tianjin Railway Station includes north station building of inter-city trains, elevated waiting hall,…...

Similar Documents

Saving Energy

...Energy Saving Through Smart Home By M.VINOD KUMAR 09H71A0256 K.V.P.CHAND 10H75A0206 EEE, B-tech IV year MIC College of Technology Kanchikacherla 1 Abstract-Energy saving is considered as one of the most important issue affects the consumers, power system quality and the global environment. The high energy demanded by home appliances, air conditioning and lighting makes homes to be considered as one of the most critical area for the impact of energy consumption. Smart home technology is a good choice for people not only care about security, comfort but energy saving as well. In this paper, a smart home energy management technique based on a set of sensors is presented. It minimizes the domestic energy waste and can be adapted according to the user habits. A proposed scenario is reported of daily routine and performed by 16 steps. Three assumptions of varying the time spent in each step according to different behaviour are examined. The effectiveness of the proposed set is shown based on a static correlation between the power consumption and saving. Keywords- Energy saving, smart home, occupancy sensor. I. INTRODUCTION Smart home technology started for more than a decade to introduce the concept of device and equipment networking in house. Smart home contains internal network and intelligent control on different home's services. The internal network can be built via wire or wireless communication technique between sensors and actuators .The intelligent control means the......

Words: 2707 - Pages: 11

N Analysis of Stakeholder Management in Project Management of the Tianjin Binhai Airport Expansion “Phase Ii”

...An analysis of stakeholder management in Project Management of the Tianjin Binhai airport expansion “Phase II” Yuan Aiying 2025888 Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment for the degree of Master of Science in Management University of Stirling August 2012 Abstract This dissertation aims to evaluate the stakeholder management of the Tianjin Binhai airport’ Phase II project which started in the 2009 and is predicted finishing in 2014. Through gathering the perspectives and expectation of five stakeholders for this project: the Tianjin Binhai airport‘s top manager, the project manager, Civil Aviation Administration of China, the airport internal staffs and passengers, the strengths and weaknesses of the stakeholder management in the Phase II project management. The strengths mainly reflect firstly, the good understanding of the airport managers and staff for the demands of the passengers and combine effectively these demands in the design of Phase II project. Secondly, all estimated stakeholders support and expect good return for the project. Moreover, thirdly, they reach an agreement for the long plan of the airport operation. On contrast, the weaknesses include firstly, some staffs have negative mood for the project and there is poor cooperation between airport different departments. Secondly, both the predication for the airport operation and the identification of the largest shareholder between two stakeholders are different. For the definition of......

Words: 19566 - Pages: 79

Steeple Analysis Heritage Railway

...Heritage  Railway  Industry  -­‐  Market  analysis     Content     1.   Introduction  .....................................................................................................................................  1   2.  The  Five  Forces  of  Porter  ....................................................................................................................  2   2.1  Threat  of  new  entrants  .................................................................................................................  3   2.2  Power  of  suppliers  ........................................................................................................................  3   2.3  Industry  competition  .....................................................................................................................  4   2.4  Power  of  buyers  ............................................................................................................................  4   2.5  Threat  of  substitutes  .....................................................................................................................  4   3.  STEEPLE  Analysis  .................................................................................................................................  5   3.1  Social  / ......

Words: 1801 - Pages: 8

Saving Energy

...Saving Energy Agriculture is at risk from climate change as temperatures, pest levels and growing seasons change. However, agriculture also contributes to these effects through emissions from fertilizers, water wastage and biological processes. A third of vegetables and fruit consumed in the EU are produced by protected horticulture. As 90% of the greenhouse growers are small and medium enterprises (SMEs), they have to compete with cheaper labor, production costs and regular supply from producers outside the EU. The EU-funded EUPHOROS project increased the efficient use of inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides in protected horticulture. The four-year study, completed in August 2012, developed a sustainable greenhouse system that does not fully rely on fossil fuels for energy and minimizes the carbon footprint of agriculture. The project achieved a 50% reduction in the amount of energy used as well as a sizeable saving of chemical inputs: a third less fertilizers and a tenth less pesticides. The result was a number of structured components that can be used by farmers across the EU, three of which contain innovative tools and systems to reduce energy, water, fertilizer, pesticide consumption and waste. Another intervention optimizes the growing environment, developing innovative and robust monitoring tools. A theoretical analysis was also conducted throughout the project to quantify the reduction of resource inputs and carbon footprint delivered by each component,......

Words: 612 - Pages: 3

Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems

...Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems Clinton Ward COM155 February 17, 2013 Joyce Keeling Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems Air conditioners and heat pump systems are used by most people in the world today. They are used to cool in the summer time and to heat in the winter time. These machines are bought and used when most people do not even understand the principle on which they work. The machines are expected do what they are designed to do, and when they cease to do this, they can be costly to repair. Air conditioners and heat pumps are similar in appearance and operation, but while using the same components they can perform completely different tasks. Knowing the difference between the two and the principle in which they perform their tasks will enable each person to make an informed decision when the time comes to repair or replace a piece of equipment. Air conditioners and heat pumps have several components that work in the same way. The compressor is the heart of the system. It is present in both an air conditioner and a heat pump. The compressor pumps the refrigerant throughout the system and enables the system to heat and cool. A few other components in an air conditioner and a heat pump are the metering device, the indoor coil, and the outdoor coil. These four basic components must be present for the cooling process to take place. There are a few components in heat pumps that do not show up in air conditioners. These devices are what make......

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

System Air Conditioning

...Air conditioning systems can be categorized according to the means by which the controllable cooling is accomplished in the conditioned space. They are further segregated to accomplish specific purposes by special equipment arrangement. In selecting a suitable air conditioning system for a particular application, consideration should also vent to the following like system constraints such as cooling load, zoning requirements, heating and ventilation. Architectural Constraints depended on size and appearance of terminal devices, acceptable noise level, Space available to house equipment and its location relative to the conditioned space, and acceptability of components obtruding into the conditioned space. Financial constraints including capital cost, operating cost, and maintenance cost. There are four basic system categories of air conditioning namely central chilled water air conditioning system. An all-air system provides complete sensible and latent cooling capacity in the cold air supplied by the system. Heating can be accomplished by the same air stream, either in the central system or at a particular zone. All-air systems can be classified into 2 categories namely single duct systems and dual duct systems. The single duct system as shown in figure 1 is used for a large room such as an atrium, a banking hall, a swimming pool, or a lecture, entertainment or operating theatre. It can be applied to groups of rooms with a similar demand for air conditioning, such......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Energy Savings

...and Space Warfare."   Program for Joint Education (PJE):  Academic Year 1996.  U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA.   Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) Columnist SHARJEEL RIZWAN writes about a subject that needs to be addressed by our defence establishment. INTRODUCTION New tools and processes of waging war like information warfare, network-centric warfare (NCW), integrated Command and Control (C4ISR), system of systems, all powered by information technology, have led to the revolution in military affairs (RMA). This is likely to broaden the parameters of thinking about National Security. The countries of the world are now on the brink of a major revolution on how they (will) conduct national security affairs. The ramifications of the RMA need to be understood not only by military officers but also by strategy planners, both military and civil. The military has to contend with the 5th dimension of warfare, information, in addition to land, sea, air and space. The strategy planners, on the other hand, have to consider the economic, political, military and information aspects in their policy and decision making. What has happened as a result of the RMA is that in future warfare, platforms will be less reflective of military power than the quality of sensors, communication links, avionics, munitions that they carry. BRIEF LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF REVOLUTIONS IN MILITARY AFFAIRS Creation of the modern and effective nation state based on organised......

Words: 3503 - Pages: 15

Energy Harvesting Systems

... Energy Harvesting Systems Tom J. Ka´ mierski · Steve Beeby z Editors Energy Harvesting Systems Principles, Modeling and Applications 123 Editors Tom J. Ka´ mierski z School of Electronics and Computer Science University of Southampton Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK tjk@ecs.soton.ac.uk Steve Beeby School of Electronics and Computer Science University of Southampton Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK spb@ecs.soton.ac.uk ISBN 978-1-4419-7565-2 e-ISBN 978-1-4419-7566-9 DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-7566-9 Springer New York Dordrecht Heidelberg London Library of Congress Control Number: 2010938327 c Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011 All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed is forbidden. The use in this publication of trade names, trademarks, service marks, and similar terms, even if they are not identified as such, is not to be taken as an expression of opinion as to whether or not they are subject to proprietary rights. Printed on acid-free paper Springer is part of Springer Science+Business Media (www.springer.com) Preface Energy......

Words: 8296 - Pages: 34

London Victoria Station: the Railway Concourse: ‘Intelligible’ and ‘Place Making’ Environments, an Analysis of London Victoria.

...__________________________________________________________________________________________ LONDON VICTORIA STATION an analysis of the spatial complexity of the railway concourse. SHRUTI S SHETTY Advanced Architectural Studies University College London, UK. ABSTRACT With the development of the railways, the identity of the railway concourse has changed over the last century. The design of railways stations is one of the most challenging practices and the concourse design must provide for large fluid spaces to facilitate rapid movement. In addition to these, the modern station demands much more from a railway concourse. The National Rail has chalked out the key requirements for every station with Security, Information, Navigation and Facilities as one of the few Basic needs followed by Higher-level needs such as Retail and Catering. In the life of all cities, the railway station plays an important role in the day-to-day life of its citizens and thereby a constant effort has been made to keep up with increasing requirements of the concourse yet maintaining the fluidity of spaces. This report discusses the effect of a concourse layout and its relation with the urban context on the process of ‘navigation’ and ‘way finding’ in the system. Another aspect of railways stations is the way it fits into the urban system which determines the nature of the concourse and the way people interact with the space. Liverpool street station gives an impression of it being an enclosed......

Words: 6997 - Pages: 28

Operations Management at Aberdeen Railway Station

...Operations Management at Aberdeen Railway Station Student name: Lukasz Szalasnik Table of contents 1. Executive summary 3 2. Introduction 3 3. Location 3 4. Station layout 4 5. 4 V’s objectives 4 6. Process technologies 5 7. Recommendations and conclusion 5 Bibliography 8 1. Executive summary The in-depth analysis of the operations management at the Aberdeen Railway Station has discovered some serious impediments to the efficiency and reliability of the existing system. Among the others, the most striking problem is vague visibility of the platforms which causes upset among the customers who have missed the train. Apart from that problem, the findings suggest, that most of the operations run smoothly. Costs of running the business are kept on a low level, which has been achieved with the flexibility of mixed functional and cell layout, and use of modern process technologies such as automatic gates and ticket machines. What is more, customers are tempted by the convenient and attractive location which provides perfect connections with other means of local, regional and national transport. 2. Introduction The purpose of this report is to analyze the operations and processes management that has been implemented at the Aberdeen Railway Station. The scope of the analysis includes a detailed description of the operation characteristics such as volume, variation, variety and visibility; as well as location determinants, layout design and......

Words: 1633 - Pages: 7

Building Energy Management System

...BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF CENTRAL SECTION OF BULACAN STATE UNIVERSITY A Thesis Presented to the faculty of the Department of Electrical Engineering College of Engineering BULACAN STATE UNIVERSITY In Partial Fulfilment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering By Pinpin, Jerome Garcia July 2014 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study In the world of today, a major change in technology can be seen as an advantage. New and advance machines, computers and electrical appliances are developing fast. Universities and other colleges need high standard laboratories, HVAC system, and lighting system. Together with the development of technology, the demand for electrical supply also increases. With the growing population of students here in Nativitad Hall, we ask ourselves, is the capacity enough to satisfy the needs of students and our laboratories? This is where building management system comes into play. The buildings are being constructed in a manner to provide maximum comfort and ease to the people with minimum energy utilization. When properly executed, it can yield valuable insights into facility energy usage that can save energy costs, increase productivity and protect critical assets. Building Management system have been introduced to this world in 1970, initially it was started with very limited features but within time a lot of changes and modifications had been made. It is...

Words: 834 - Pages: 4

Air Conditioning Experiment

...2014 Daniel Loftus P11267317 Mechanical Engineering Third Year ENGD3036-2015-Y Plant Analysis and Sustainability: An Investigation into the characteristic of an Air-Conditioning Plant For the Attention of Dr. H. Rajakaruna    Table of Contents Objectives of the experiment 2 Experiment Apparatus 2 2 Data/Results 2 First Data Sheet 2 Second Data Sheet 2 Part-1 2 Part-2 2 Part-3 2 Part-4 2 Part 5 2 2 Discussion 2 Part One 2 Part Two [Research and Review] 2 Research and Review into Air-Conditioning Plants 2 Energy Issues 2 Health Issues 2 Policies 2 Conclusions 2 References 2 Appendices Error! Bookmark not defined. Objectives of the experiment The Objectives of the Laboratory Experiment are as follow: 1. Determine the dry air flow of rate through the system. 2. Using the Psychrometric chart calculate the water added to the system. 3. Using the (Steady Flow Energy Equation) SFEE carry out an energy balance between sections A and B. 4. Calculate the rate of water removed from the system in sections B and C, using both the psychrometric chart and by measurement of the condensate. 5. [1] [1] Using SFEE calculates the heat input to the air between section C and D, comparing this value with the re-heater power value. Experiment Apparatus The testing it to be completed using the A P.A. Hilton Air Conditioning Laboratory Unit A660 with optional Temperature Upgrade Kit. This machine will......

Words: 6012 - Pages: 25

Energy Savings

...Observations: As per the preliminary investigation performed in CAPOL production units of CSPP, SE plant, Refinery and the boiler division. There are number of areas identified for the possible energy savings in the plant. It is further required to either perform field trials and case dependent data acquisition is needed to assess the feasibility of changing the particular component in the production line. 1. The plant at present using very large number of electrical motors ranging upto more than 100 HP for the power transmission requirements. Observations are that the motors are being rewinded number of times with in-house-technicians, it is more likely that the motor efficiency and performance characteristics may got detoriated. The gear boxes in use with the motors are also in service from number of years and they were serviced number of times during the plant operation. Replacement of the gear box with a new gear box is likely to provide energy conservation as well replacing the electric motor and the combination of the motor and the gear box also provide better energy savings to the plant operation. Remark: Field trails are needed to estimate the payback periods and possibility of scheduling the replacement. 2. There is need for the keeping insulation on all the steam lines – it is observed missing lagging in several locations, also required is complete replacement of steam lines in some of the locations of the steam passage. Also found are the steam leakages in...

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Discrete Simulation Gas Station

...Management Systems College of Engineering and Computer Science University of Central Florida ESI5531: Discrete Systems Simulation (Spring 2015) Discrete Systems Simulation Project Proposal Student: Felipe Cesar E-mail: _________@knights.ucf.edu UCF ID: XXXXXXX Xtra Gas Station Model: More revenue through Simulation Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1 1.1. 2. GAS STATION DESCRIPTION ................................................................................ 1 PROBLEM DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................. 2 2.1. PROJECT OBJECTIVES ........................................................................................... 3 2.2. PROPOSED PERFOMANCE MEASURES TO BE EVALUATED ........................ 3 3. PROPOSED INPUT DATA, DATA SOURCES AND COLLECTION METHODS ....... 4 4. PROPOSED ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS DESIGN ........................................................ 5 4.1. 4.2. 5. PROPOSED DESIGN 1 .............................................................................................. 5 PROPOSED DESIGN 2 .............................................................................................. 6 PROJECT PLAN ................................................................................................................ 7 List of Figures Figure 1: Xtra Gas Station......

Words: 1578 - Pages: 7

Simulation of Room Air Conditioning Strategies for Hospital Operation Theatres

...Simulation of room air conditioning strategies for hospital operation theatres KARTHIKEYAN P, MURALIDHARAN K, ANAND SAMUEL Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Deemed university, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, Pin code-632014. INDIA. Abstract: Hospitals have not always been fully air conditioned, except for new buildings in urban areas where ambient noise and atmospheric pollution necessitate having closed, double glazed windows. Air conditioning has been restricted by economic considera¬tions and has been confined to places where it was essential, for example operating theatres. Many operating theatres have been air-conditioned using conventional methods of turbulent air distribution but, as with clean rooms, this proves unsatisfactory in the prevention of airborne contamination. This paper emphasizes different types of air-conditioning strategies, their advantages and disadvantages in the case of operation theatres. It also brings out the impact of computational fluid dynamics codes in Indoor air flow simulation. Keywords: Operation theatres, Air conditioning systems, operating room air distribution, Room air-conditioning strategies, Air- quality & computational fluid dynamics. 1.Introduction There are three sources of bacterial contaminations: the supply of air to the theatre; the surgical team; and the emissions of bodily vapors and organisms from the patient. To deal with these and to prevent turbulent air movement and......

Words: 1499 - Pages: 6