In: Business and Management

Submitted By arifqi
Words 2791
Pages 12
Konsep Hukum
Manusia adalah makhluk sosial (zoon politicon), setiap manusia memiliki hak dan kewajiban
Norma : aturan yang diyakini untuk menjaga hak dan kewajiban
Jenis2 norma : norma agama, susila, kesopanan, hukum
Norma hukum : keadialan distribus, subtitus,kumulatif, cirinya tertulis, memaksa, sanksi tegas
Lapangan – lapangan hukum
Hukum publik : peraturan hukum yang mengatur kekuasaaan negara dan wewenang negara, serta mengatur hukum antara anggota masyarakat dan negara (hukum tata negara,pajak,pidana,administrasi)
Hukum privat : hukum yang mengatur tentang hubungan individu dengan individu (hukum perdata, dagang, HAKI)
Hukum Menurut luas berlakunya : * Hukum positif (ius constitutum) * Berlaku pada saat tertentu * Berkaku pada tempat tertentu * Berlaku bagi masyarakat tertentu * Ius Constituendum : hukum yang diidamkan oleh setiap manusa untuk memenuhi rasa keadilan * Bentuk : tertulis dan tidak tertulis * Sifatnya : publik dan perdaya
Sumber hukum : * UU * Kebiasaan * Traktat (perjanjian), bilateral atau multiteral * Pendapat para sarjana
FICTIE HUKUM : setiap orang dianggap telah mengetahui adanya undang-undang
Subjek dan Objek Hukum :
Objek Hukum : Benda (segala sesuatu yang berguna bagi subjek hukum)
Subek hukum : * Orang atau manusia * Badan Hukum * Badan Hukum Publik (departemen pemerintahan, provinsi, kabupaten) * Badan Hukum Privat(yayasan, PT)
Badan Hukum * PT ( perusahaan yang modal dasarnya terdiri dari saham/sero), cirinya * Merupakan badan hukum * Sebagai asosiasi modal * Pengurus PT harus mendapatkan kuasa * Pemisahan utang dan kekayaan saham * Tanggung jawab pemegang saham hanya pada modal yang disetorkan * Koperasi (badan usaha yang beranggotakan orang-seorang atau badan koperasi yang berdasarkan prinsip koperasi…...

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